Sociology Family

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GEORGE MURDOCK 1949 FUNCTIONALST

1) Adults of both sexes (hetrosexual)

2) Reproduction

3) Economic stability

4) Common reisdence

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Divorce Laws introduced

1949 - LEGAL AID - Divorce more affordable/cheaper

1969 - DIVORCE LAW REFORM ACT - 'irretrievable breakdrown' 

1984 - Minimum period reduced from 3 to 1 yr

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Reasons for increase in divorce

Change in position of women

DIANNE GITTINS 

- Women dissatisfied with the patrairchal nature of marriage.

- Unequal distribution of domestic labour.

ALLAN AND CROW (2001)

- Economic independance

- Women worse off after divorce yet prefered to unhappy marriage 

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Reasons for increase in divorce

Decline in stigma

COCKETT AND TRIPP 

- "Apperences sake"

- Divorce is socially acceptable

-Normalised

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Reasons for increase in divorce

Secularisation

WILLIAM GOODE - FUNCTIONALIST

-DECLNE IN INFLUENCE OF THE CHURCH

-NO FEAR OF BEING DENOUNCED

- "TILL DEATH DO US PART"

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Reasons for increase in divorce

Changes in Law

NICKY HART - MARXIST

- Divorce is easier

- Divorce Reform Act 1969

- No need to prove guilt

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Reasons for increase in divorce

Change in expectations

ANTHONY GIDDENS

- Marriage based on "confluent love" rather than duty.

- Only stay together if in <3

HART

- Men think they are equal to partners = Conflict

- Women have more $£ now and emotional independance

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