Research Methods Summary

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Experimental Methods

Controlling Variables                                                Non-Experimental Methods

  • Standardisation                                                               - Methods of Self-report
  • Counterbalancing                                                            - Questionnaires
  • Randomisation                                                                - Interviews- Structured and Unstructured

Types of Experiment                                         Open Questions

  • Laboratory                                                                       - No restricted response
  • Field                                                                                - Qualitative
  • Quasi

Experimental Designs                                      Closed Questions

  • Two Conditions- Experimental and Control                     - Yes/no Response
  • Repeated/related                                                            - Rating Scale
  • Independent                                                                    - Multiple Choice
  • Matched Pairs                                                                 -Quantitative Data
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Research Methods

Pilot Studies

  • Small scale, trial study
  • Ceiling and floor effects

Observational Studies- Recording

  • Scoring System
  • Check list
  • Tally
  • Notes
  • Video recording

Observing Methods

  • Laboratory and Natural Setting
  • Covert and Overt Observation
  • Participant and Non-participants
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Recording Data

Correlation

  • Positive- Co-efficient +1
  • Negative- Co-efficient -1
  • Zero- Co-efficient O

Sampling

  •  Random
  • Systematic
  • Stratified
  • Opportunity
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