Report

Sections of the report

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Title

Tells the reader what the report is about.

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Abstract

A brief summary of the report. Should include background research, aims, hypotheses, methodology, results, conclusions and any suggestions for future research.

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Introduction

Give an overview of research previously done on the topic. Provides a background and rationale to the report.

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Method

  • Aims and hypotheses
  • Experimental design
    • IV and DV
    • Research method
    • Design used
    • Contols x 2 - 3
  • Participants
    • How many
    • Gender
    • Age range
    • Who conducted the research
    • How they were allocated to conditions
    • Sampling
  • Apparatus: a bullet-pointed shopping list of materials used
  • Procedure: a step-by-step guide of how to replicate the research. Should include:
    • Brief, informed consent, standardised instructions, where it was conducted, how data was collected, debrief.
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Results

Gives a summary of findings.

Descriptive results

  • Table (if applicable)
  • Graph
  • Interpretation of results

Inferential statistics

  • Justification of choice of statistical test
  • Level of significance chosen
  • Statement of results - including writing out in full which hypothesis you have accepted
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Discussion

1) Did you accept or reject the null hypothesis? (write out in full which hypothesis it was). How did results compare to previous research? Support it? If so/not, why?

2) Any methodological criticisms? Ethical issues? Improvements? What could be done differently next time?

3) What is the next logical step of the research? Does it have any real world applications?

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References

Gives the original sources of information used in the write-up.

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Appendices

Use to store detailed information not included in the main report: consent forms, standardised instructions, raw data table etc. Usually are numbered.

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