Contrasting beliefs about the Bible
The Fundamentalist View
- The Bible is without error
- Everything the Bible says is true (Literalists)
- For example, Fundamentalists believe that God created the work in 6 days ie, the theory of evolution is wrong.
The Liberal View
- The Bible was written by Humans and may therefore contain mistakes
- Christians should be free to interpret the Bible...
- ...Particularly involving modern day issues, such as genetic engineering.
The Moderate View
- Humans who wrote the Bible could (and did) make mistakes in describing ideas in the Bible.
- The writers were inspired by God and expressed the truth as they believed it.
Fundamentalist: someone who believes in the Bible as a factual record; miracles are accepted as events that happened exactly as described. Fundamentalists believe that the Bible is divinely inspired and without error.
Liberalist: someone who interprets the Bible freely.
"All scripture is inspired by God." 2 Timothy 3:16 - supports the Liberalists.
The effects of Biblical interpretation on believer
Uses of the Bible:
- For prayer: for instance The Book of Psalms (Psalm 23 - The Lord is my Shepherd)
- For study: to undestand how God wants Christians to live. For understanding and guidance.
- Guidance: For following rules and seeking guidance in passages about marriage, sexuality and abortion (for instance)
- Obedience: FUNDAMENTALISTS live their lives in strict obedience to the Bible.
THE APOSTLES' CREED and its key beliefs
I believe in God the Father Almighty, maker of Heaven and Earth;
And in Jesus Christ, His only Son our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead and buried; he descended into Hell. The Third day he rose again from the dead; He ascended into Heaven, and is seated at the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from there he shall come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit; the Holy Catholic Church; the Communion of Saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting.
Key beliefs in the Creed - God is a 'trinity' of persons.
Impact of these beliefs on Christian lifestyle:
- They should respond personally to God in prayer
- Jesus is a role model, and Christians should follow his example and live a life close to God.
- They can take comfort and guidance from the Holy Spirit in their daily lives.
Incarnation: God taking the human form of Jesus.
The Crucifixion, Resurrection and Ascension of Jes
Through his crucifixion and death, Jesus opened the way for human salvation.
IMPACTS: -When people are genuinely sorry, God forgives sins. - Christians have to accept the possibility of suffering and death. - After death there is an end to pain.
The resurrection is the central teaching of Christain faith. "And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins." - Paul (1 Corinthians 15:17)
- By accepting Jesus, Christians can also be resurrected.
- Christians remember Jesus' Resurrection by prayer, church serives and celebrating Easter.
- The Ascension - paves the way for the coming of the Holy Spirit, who guides and comforts Christians in their everday lives.
- Christians can look forward to being united with God in Heaven.
ASCENSION: 40 days after Easter (the Resurrection). PENTECOST: 10 days after Ascension (50 days after Easter)
The Holy Spirit
Gifts of the Spirit: Speaking wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, speaking in tongues, interpreting tongues, miracles.
Uses of the Gifts of the Spirit:
- Preaching, speaking in tongues to spread Christianity
- Use in daily lives (teachers, doctors, nurses)
Impact of the work and gifts:
- Spirit gives life to the Church, and guides the daily life of Christians.
- Charismatic Movement: emphasise the gifts of the spirit.
- Quakers believe that the Holy Spirit inspires and directs their acts of worship.
Religious leaders (priests and bishops)
Role of a Priest (Apostolic Succession, inheritance of authority given by Jesus to the disciples):
- leading church services
- administering ceremonies (such as baptism, marriage, funerals)
- running a parish.
- Visiting the sick
- Organising charity work, prison visits, youth clubs etc.
Role of a Bishop (Catholic, Anglican, Orthodox Christians are episcopal [bishops])
- Ordain priests
- Pastoral care of the clergy
- Confirmation of young people
Religious leaders (Ministers, Pastors, Elders)
- Ministers: (Non-conformist churches such as the Methodist church)
Belief that all members are equal before God so ministers will often wear normal clothes. Similar to the role of the priest.
- Pastors: (Baptist and Lutherean Churches)
- Elders: mature people who have leadership roles within the the church.
- Members of the community: a general memeber of the church who may contribute their own spiritual gifts or help with administration. (Quaker worship: All members can contribute...Charismatic worship: Those with spiritual gifts may contribute.)