Pyschology- Perspectives In Psychology...

Perspectives in Psychology

HideShow resource information

Behaviourist- Key Assumptions.

SOCIAL LEARNING THEORY- has some mental processing.
BEHAVIOUR MUST BE NOTICED AND OBSERVED.
OBSERVER MUST BELIEVE THEY CAN CARRY OUT THE BEHAVIOUR.
OBSERVER THEN COPIES THE BEHAVIOUR.

Copying of behaviour wont happen if...
THE MODEL IS HIGH STATUS, ATTRACTIVE, SIMILAR TO THE COPIER,
THE MODEN IS POSITIVELY REINFORCED FOR BEHAVOUR,
THE COPIER MUST BELIEVE THAT THEY WOULD FEEL A SENSE OF PRIDE OR ACHIEVEMENT IF THEY COPY THE MODEL.

1 of 3

OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING-
ATTENTION- the observer must be paying attention to the model.
RETENTION- the observer must be capable of retaining a memory of the observed behaviour.
REPRODUCTION- the observer must be capable of performing the observed action.
MOTIVATION-
the observer must be motivated to generate the learned behaviour.

2 of 3

OPERANT CONDITIONING- ABC of behaviour.
Antecdant, Behaviour, Consequence.
Behaviour which is reinforced is likely to be repeated.
Behaviour which is not reinforced or is punished, is not likely
to be repeated.

POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT- eg. Tidy your bedroom and you will gain some extra pocket money.

NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT- eg. Tidy your bedroom to avoid loosing pocket money.

Punishment- eg. Dont tidy your bedroom and dont recieve the money at all.

3 of 3

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »