- Created by: Nadine Lane
- Created on: 19-05-12 15:25
"Outline two assumptions of the behavourist approa
*behaviour can be explained in terms of classical conditioning.
- Getting new behaviours through association
- Pavalov study; the food was the unconditioned stimulus and the salivation was the unconditioned response, during the process of conditioning a neutral stimulus which is the bell occurs. At the end of the trials the bell is now the conditioned stimulus because it produces the conditioned respsonse of salivation.
*behaviour can be explained inn terms of operant conditioning.
- We aquire new behaviours through reinforcement
- Positive reinforcement: given treats and is rewarded
- Negative reinforcement: given punishment
"Outline two assumptions of the biological approac
* Behaviour can be explained in terms of the brain
- different parts of teh brain have been identified to perform a particulkar function
- E.g Of the four lobes, the frontal lbe controls personality
* Behaviour can be explained in terms of hormones
- biochemical substances that are circulated round the body to have an effect on target organs
- E.g testosterone a mael hormone, is said to make males have more aggressive qualities
"Outline two assumptions of the cognitive approach
* comparing the mind to a computer
- 3 features of human behaviour:
input (information is take in), process ( change or store information) and output ( realling the information when necessary).
- E.g the multistore memory
* Psychology as a science
- Measure internal processes to prove or disprove a hypothesis
- What people express externally may not be a treu insight to the behaviour/ processes happening internally
Outline two assumptions of the psychodynamic appro
* Behaviour can be explaine in terms of 3 partos of the mind
- These are: The id (impulsive and selfish), the ego ( rational) and the superego ( moral)
- ego strength is how welll these three parts can work together
* behaviour can be explained in terms of childhood experiiences
- the majority of our adult behaviour is highly influenced by our childhood
- An example of this is because we can repress traumas that are expressed later in life