- Created by: emmaelizarose
- Created on: 01-12-16 13:55
1) Green Paper
- A green paper is a tentative government report of a proposal without any commitment to action.
- Optional stage/pre-legislative
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2) White Paper
- Issued by Government and lay out policy of proposed action on a topic of current concern.
- Consultation as to details of new legislation.
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- Legislative stages start
- Normanly starts in the House of Commons.
- The short title and main aims of the Bill are announced.
- No debate at the stage but verbal vote is taken.
- If the vote is in favour of the Bill is the set for the Bill's second reading.
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- The House debates the Bill and is focused on the main principles.
- At the end there is a vote
- Should the Bill progress beyond this stage it is quite likely it will eventually become an Act of Parliament.
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- Each amendment is debated and a vote is taken to decide whether it should be accepted or rejected by the whole house.
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- Detailed examinarion by a Standing Comittee which is made up of between 16 and 50 MPs.
- They scrutinise the Bill clause by cluase and makes amendments.
- Some Bills, for example Money Bills, are subjected to examination by the whole House.
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- Third reading is the final chance for the commons to debate the contents of a Bill. This stage is often a formality. There is another vote.
- As the Bill has successfully completed its earlier stages it is unlikely to now fail.
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- The Bill is passed to the Other House where it goes through the same stage.
- Under Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 the Lords can delay the passage of a Money Bill fpr one month and all other bills for one year but they cannot reject it.
- Sexual (amendment ) Act 2000 and the Hunting Act 2004 have used this power.
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- On the day Royal Aswsent is granted, the Bill becomes an Act of Parliament.
- That night at mid-night, the law starts- it comes into force then.
- However, implementation of some Acts has to be delayed so as to allow necessary resources to be prepared and put into place.
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They are the people who have the most power in this country to make laws.
- Parliament can make laws about anyhting/ legislate anything.
- Parliament are not banned by the previous Parliament. when a new Parliament comes in they can change laws if they want to.
- No body can overide an act of Parliament. Only Parliament can change an act.
- However the European Union can, European Court of Human Rights.
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