Parliamentary Law Making

How bills become Law.

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  • Created by: dannii
  • Created on: 28-04-10 11:04

Advantages

Democratic

Scrutiny

Government control

House of Lords

Flexibility

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  • The House of Commons are elected and there are limits on House of Lords which provides more opportunities for public opinion.
  • Very thorough process involving debate scrutiny and amendments
  • Likely to win at each voting stage - demographic since elected by majority. Minister's knowledge of bill and expertise of the civil service
  • Acts a check on the House of Commons - more scrutiny of bill of high quality
  • Not only government bills but also Lords and private members bill. Can be used to introduce controversial bills and urgently needed law.
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Disadvantages

Undemocratic

Inadequate scrutiny

Government control

Slow process

Dated processes and language

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  • Neither the House of Lords or the Queen so shouldn't have powers that are able to delay the House of Commons
  • The government control the timetable e.g. use of guillotine - leads to bad law Dangerous Dogs Act 1991
  • The timetable means less private members are likely to succeed. not enough time to change old laws
  • They have to go through many readings so can take months meaning that not all legislation is passed. Royal Assent is a pointless stage and just adds to the time.
  • Language can be obscure and ambiguous requiring statutory interpretation.
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Stages of a bill

  • FIRST READING
  • SECOND READING
  • COMMITTEE STAGE
  • REPORT STAGE
  • THIRD READING
  • HOUSE OF LORDS
  • 'PING PONG'
  • ROYAL ASSENT
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  • Short title of bill is read out in the Commons by the Clerk
  • MP's debate and vote on the main principles and purpose
  • Detailed examination takes place. Goes to either Public Bill Committee or Committee of the whole House
  • Consider amendments which where made during the committee stage
  • The final review
  • Repetition of stages but at House of Lords
  • Passed backwards and forwards between two Houses till final text is agreed on
  • The Queen gives agreement for the bill to be passed
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Types of bills

Public

  • Government Bills
  • Private Members Bills

Private

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Affect the public

  • majority of bills e.g. Anti-Terrorism Crime and Security Act 2001.Usually included in the Queen's Speech .e.g. Climate Change Bill
  • introduced into Parliament by individual MP's e.g. David Alton's Abortion Act 1998. very few became acts as the government control the timetable. One which has become an Act Murder [Abolition of Death Penalty] Act 1965

A piece of legislation that gives powers to a particular group of persons i.e. local councils or private corporation. Don't effect public as whole e.g. University College London Act 1996. sometimes only affect one or two people

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Comments

Nathaniel Ramsay-Dawber

I thought the House Of Lors had been replaced by the Supreme Court?

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