Resistance to Social Influence


Social Support


  • Reduced by presence of dissenters from the group.


  • Decreases in presence of disobedient peer who acts as a model to follow.


Research support

  • Conformity decreass when one person dissents even if they are not credible (Allen and Levine).

Research support

  • Obedience drops when disobedient role models are present (Gamson et al.)
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Locus of Control

Locus of Control

  • LOC is a sense of what directs events in our lives (Rotter).


  • High internal at one end and high external at the other.

Resistance to social influence

  • People with high internal LOC are more able to resist pressures to conform or obey.
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Research support

  • Internals less likely to fully obey in Milgram-type procedure (Holland).

Contradictory research

  • People have become more external and more disobedient recently (Twenge et al.).
  • Hard for LOC to explain.

Evaluation extra

  • Limited role of locus of control
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