Nutrients are building blocks, and have specific and important roles to play. Some provide energy, while others are essential for growth and maintenance.
Roles of Nutrients
Carbohydrate- main source of energy- found in bread, rice, pasta and potatoes
Protein- used for growth and repair- found in meat, poultry, beans, eggs, lentils, tofu and fish
Fat- a small amount insulates vital organs, provides essential fatty acids- found in butter, oil, cheese, cream, nuts, oily fish, crisps
Vitamins help to keep our immune system up and help the body to stay healthy.
They are important for body maintenance.
Roles of Vitamins
Vitamin A- keeps eyes healthy and strengthens immune system- found in dark green leafy vegetables, carrots, liver
Vitamin B- helps to release energy- found in bread, milk, cereals, fish, meat
Vitamin C- helps keep skin healthy and healing, helps with absorption of iron- found in fresh fruit, broccoli, tomatoes
Vitamin D- helps absorb calcium and for healthy bone structure- found in oily fish, eggs, butter, sunshine
Minerals help keep our immune system up and help our body to stay healthy.
Roles of Minerals
Calcium- helps with strong teeth, bones, blood clots- found in milk, yogurt, soya, dark green leafy vegetables
Iron- helps with red blood cells- found in nuts, whole grain, dark green leafy vegetables, meat, liver