Norman England 1066-1100

  • Created by: jordx24
  • Created on: 08-04-18 17:20

The Causes of the Norman Conquest

  • Edward never enjoyed full control of his kingdom due to the power of the Godwin family.
  • Edward was half-brother of King Harthecanute. In 1041, Harthacanute invited Edward to become King, probably because he was ill.
  • In 1041, Edward took over as King of England. He needed the support of the powerful Godwin family.
  • In 1051, the Godwins rebelled against Edward. Although Edward survived the rebelled, the Godwins kept their powerful positions.
  • After the rebellion, Edward named William, the Duke of Normandy, as his successor (the person who should take over King after he died).
  • However, the Godwins continued to grow in power. By 1057 they controlled earldoms in every part of England except Mercia.
  • In the late 1050's, Harold Godwinson (Earl Godwin's son) was made sub-regulus (which meant he could rule in the Kings place).
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After Edward's death, Harold Godwinson became King

  • Edward died in January 1066. He had no hier to the throne.
  • Edgar Aetheling was Edward's closest blood relative, but he was only fourteen years old and did not have much support or military experience.
  • Harold Godwinson made himself King. He made this official (ina coronation or crowning ceremony) the day after Edward's death.
  • Harold was the richest man in England. Harold was a skilful military leader. He also had the support of the Witan (the King's council).
  • Harold also claimed that, just before he died, Edward said he wanted Harold to be the next king.
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William, Duke of Normandy claimed Throne

  • William was a distant cousin of Edward. However, he was illegitimate (his father was the Duke of Normandy, but his mother was not the Duke's wife)
  • There had been strong trade links between England and Normandy since the 990's. Normandy had also helped England against the Viking threat.
  • Edward had grown up in Normandy. When the Godwins rebelled in 1051, William had sent soldiers to help Edward deal with the rebellion.
  • In 1064, Harold had travelled to Normandy and sworn an oath (a promise) to support William's claim to the throne.
  • William was also a powerful warrior who had won many battles.
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The third claimant was the Viking Harold Hardraada

  • Harold Hardraada believed that he had a claim to the English throne because of a promise made to his father.
  • By 1066 Hardraada was an experienced ruler. He was a famous warrior.
  • He was supported by Tostig Godwinson (one of Harold's brothers).
  • Many people in the north of England had Scandinavian (the area where the Vikings came from) roots and so might have supported a Viking King.
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