MILGRAM OBEDIANCE

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 08-12-15 14:09

PROCEDURES

40 MALE VOLOUNTER PAD $4.50 BELIEVE GIVING ELECTRIC SHOCK TOLD PURPOSE ESTIMATE ROLE PUNISHMENT & LEARNING 

GENUINE PARTICIPANT - TEACHER GIVE ELECTRIC SHOCKS WHEN STUDENT ANSWER WRONG

VOLTAGE WENT UP 15 - 450

NO ACTUAL SHOCK GIVEN 

EXPERIMENT CONTINED TILL TEACHER STOPPED OR 450 REACHED

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FINDINGS

40 PARTICIPANTS WENT AT LEAST 300

FURTHER 65% WENT 450

MAJORITY FOUND STRESSFUL / WISHED STOP

EXTREME SIGNS ANXIETY PRSENT STILL CONTINUED

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CONCLUSION

MOST TIME PEOPLE OBEY ORDER GOES AGAINST CONSCIENCE 

PRESSURE POWER AUTHORITY EXPLAIN NAZI & WW2 

SUPPORTING NOTION CRIMES (MURDER) RESULT SITUATIONAL FORCES NOT UNDERLYING DISPOSITION

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HIGH INTERNAL VALIDITY

MILGRAM CHALLENGED INTEPRETATION SUGGESTED POST EXPERIMENTAL INTERVIEWS PARTICIPANTS SAID THEY BELIEVE GIVING REAL SHOCK

CLAIMED FILM SHOWED PARTCIPANTS STRESSED 

IF SHOCKS FAKE PATRICIPANTS CONTINUE 450 

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LOW INTERNAL VALIDITY

ORNE & HOLLAN STATED

PARTICIPANTS DIDNT BELIEVE SHOCKS REAL 

NOT TRULY DISTRESSED

BEHAVING SUPPOSED TO - DEMAND CHARACTERISTICS 

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HIGH EXTERNAL VALIDITY

HOFLIN ET AL STUDY HOSPITAL -  DOCTOR PHONE NURSE. TOLD GIVE DRUG DESPITE BREAKING MANY RULES E.G. TWICE RECOMMEND DOSE

21/22 PREPARED FOLLOW RULE

FIELD EXPERIMENT BUCKMAN 3 CONFEDERATE DRESS 3 OUTFITS (SMART, MILKMAN, SECUIRTY) STOOD STREET ASKED PUBLIC PICK UP LITTER

PUBLIC TWICE AS LIKELY OBEY SECURTY THAN SMART

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LOW EXTERNAL VALIDITY

MILGRAM STUDY LAB ENVIORNMENT AT YALE

ENVIORMENT ARTIFICIAL - OBEDIANCE DIFFERENT REAL LIFE

RANK & JACKOBSAN NURSE CARRY IRREGULAR ODER

89% REFUSED - THIS OCCASION MORE REALISITC - ALLOW CONFER OTHERS

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THE OBEDIENCE ALI

DEMONSTRATES CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES PEOPLE OBEY ORDERS AGAINST CONSCIENCE

ORDINARY PERSON COMMIT TERRIBLE CRIME SOCIAL PRESSURE

DAVID MANDEL SUGGESTS JUSTIFICATION BEHAVIOUR AS OBEYING ORDER

SUGGESTED JUSTIFIES BRUTALY DEVASTATIONS E.G. HOLOCAUST

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SITUATIONAL VARIABLES

MILGRAM FIRST STUDY OBEDIENCE - LARGE NUMBER VARIATIONS

PROXIMITY

LOCATION

UNIFORM 

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PROXIMITY

TEACHER STUDENT SAME ROOM 

OBEDIENACE DROPPED 65 - 40%

FORCE LEARNERS ELECTRSHOCK PLATE 

OBEDIENCE DROPPED TO 30%

INSTRUCTIONS OVER PHONE DROPPED TO 20.5% - PRETEND OR WEAKER

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LOCATION

CONDUCTED RUN DOWN BUILDING RATHER UNI

LESS AUTHORITY

DROPPED TO 47.5% - STILL HIGH

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UNIFORM

ORIGINAL EXPERIMENTER GREY LAB COAT - SYMBOL AUTHORITY

EXPERIMENTER 'MEMBER PUBLIC'

OBEDIANCE DROPPED 20%

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