There are several areas of Physical development:
Growth: When children increase in size, height and weight.
Sensory development: developing all of the 5 senses
and motor development: the control of the body's actions by co-ordination of muscles and brain.
there are two types of motor development:
GROSS- this is using large muscles to control the body.
FINE MANIPULATIVE- Using the hands and fingers to carry out prescise movements.
Intellectual development is the development of the mind. It refers to the child's ability to learn, understand, recognise and reason.
Children can learn in different ways:
Concepts must be learnt as well.
Conditions to aid intellectual development are...
- encouregment, support and praise
- love and security
- healthy diet
- contact and communication
- Stimulation of senses
- oppurtunities to play
Children must learn to fit in and interact with people around them by SOCIALISATION.
Carers should teach their children the difference between good and bad behaviour.
Anti-social behaviour includes: Lying, Aggression, temper tantrums, bullying, self harm and attention seeking.
Parents can show approval of behaviour by...
Hugging, clapping, cuddling, smiling, playing, praising
Parents can show disaproval by...
Not making eye contact, not speaking to child, looking dis interested.
Social development is encouraged by in he following ways:
- reinforcing acceptable behaviour
- providing a good role model
- giving a loving, secure environment
- play with others
- providing social experiances- (parties, eating out, park, zoo, classes, nursery.
As children develop they learn to control their emotions and recognise them.
emotions can be negative or positive.
Certain conditions are needed to help a childs emotions develop:
- Reassured and enabled to develop confidence
- to bond with adults
- secure relationships
- to have good behaviour
- to be valued as an individual
- love and affection
Somethings can have negative effects on a childs emotions, for example:
Sibling rivalry, seperation anxiety, fears and nightmares.