- Created by: Beth
- Created on: 11-02-11 11:59
Deltas, Lower Course:-
Deltas occur where a river that carries a large amount of sediment meets a lake or the sea. This meeting causes the river to lose energy and drop the sediment it is carrying. Deltas form two types, called arcuate and birds foot. An arcuate delta is one, which builds out into the sea, extending the coast line, as the Nile Deltadoes in Egypt. A bird's foot delta is an extension of this as "fingers"of material form further off the edge of the delta. The delta of the Mississippi river shows these characteristics.
Flood Plains, Lower Course:-
The Flood Plain is the area of alluvial deposits found beside the river in its lower course. As meanders move slowly down the course of the river they erode away the valley to create a wide valley floor, and they deposit layers of alluvial material on the slip off slopes. Over time this builds up into a large flood plain. A very good example is the Canterbury Plains in New Zealand, where many large rivers have contributed to a huge area of alluvial deposition that has become prime agricultural land.
Levees, Lower Course:-
Levees are naturally formed banks along the sides of a river channel in its lower course, as it flows through the flood plain. They are formed by the river depositing material when it floods. During a flood the river deposits its heaviest, coarsest material closest to its normal course. Over years this deposition has built up the natural embankments, built of coarse material. Beyond them the flood plain has been built up of the finer material that was deposited further away from the normal course of the river.