- Created by: Stephanie
- Created on: 07-04-15 13:51
Immediate Post War Problems
- Churchill successfully demobilised 5m troops without major a unemployent problem in 1919-1920.
- LG formed a ministry with Tories like Balfour, Liberals like Churchill and new men such as Fisher, Geddes and Mond.
- LG set up new ministries to deal with new problems, e.g. Ministries of Health and Transport.
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- The Economy was fairly rapidly moved from a wartime to a peacetime basis.
- Controls over prices and rents; the rationing of food gradually disappeared.
- The railways and coalmines - taken over by the State during the War were returned to private enterprise and the railways reorganised into 4 large companies for greater efficiency.
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- A dangerous climate of industrial realtions in 1919-1920 were defused by the use of ...
- Special powers e.g. the Emergency Powers Act,
- By stalling e.g. The Sankey Commision 1919 to head off a coal strike
- And also by appeasment e.g. higher wages for police.
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- LG's government tried to reduce the deficit and pay off war debts by major cuts in Govt spending.
- The Geddes Axe - though reduced by LG- cut £64m off spending.
- The misery of unemployment was eased a little by extending National Insurance to cover most workers earning below average wages.
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- LG's government brought in major reforms.
- Addison's Act 1919 led to over 200,000 good quality council houses being built at modest rents for the working class.
- Fisher's Education Act raised the school leaving age to 14 and promised part-time continuation education to 18.
- Old Age pensions were extended, pensions for the disabled and for war widows brought in and the NI scheme extended.
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The Irish Problem
- Taken out of British politics.
- Ireland was partioned in 1920 with the Ulster unionists, getting their own state of Northern Ireland, and Sinn Fein getting virtual independence for most of Ireland by the 1921 Treaty.
- NI remained in the UK, the Free State left the Union but remained within the British Empire as a Dominion.
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In Foreign Policy
- LG attended over 20 international conferences and played a key role in redrawing the boundaries of Europe and the Middle East.
- He lessened the harshness of French demands on Germany.
- He secured control of Middle Eastern oil for Britain.
- He acquired control of most of the Middle East, strengthening British control of the Suez Canal and the routes to India.
- The Washington Naval treaty helped prevent a new Naval Race thus adding to World security.
- In the Empire LG moved India along the road to self-govt, with his 1919 Government of India Act.
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