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Britain 1900-51 (OCR)

Period Study- Britain c.1918-51
British politics 1918-29

1. Reasons for the outcome of 1918 election
2. Results of Coupon Election
3. Consequences of election
4. Foreign policy, LG coalition 1918-22
5. Ireland policies, LG coalition 1918-22
6. Social policies, LG coalition 1918-22
7. LG's fall from power…

Page 2

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Labour ­ 57

Coalition candidates won a large majority
Conservatives outnumbered the Liberals three to one
Labour did not win any more seats than 1910 but gained more votes

Reasons why the coalition won?

The letter of endorsement from LG and the Conservatives, prevented a split in the
vote
Law…

Page 3

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British aims met by LG

Restrictions put on future German fleet
Germany's colonies were distributed to the allies to be ruled under "mandate"
from the LoN in the interest of the people who lived there

Problems in new mandates

Unrest in Iraq meant using force against "rebels"
Balfour Deceleration didn't…

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Russian revolution

Overthrow of tsar was not a big issue for Britain
However decision of Lenin to withdraw from the war and the execution of the royal
family lead to pressure to intervene against the Bolsheviks
When it became clear that the Whites had little chance of winning and the…

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o Addison Housing Act ­ local authorities were to build 70,000 houses with low rates
each year, buildings subsided with £260 per house and 213,000 were built

1920

o Unemployment act ­ extended 1911 act to more occupations
o Agriculture act ­ guaranteed agriculture prices to help farmers, protected labourer's…

Page 6

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Successful demilitarisation of 4 million men
No violent revolutions like Russia, Germany and Italy
Many glad to see the end to gov control
General consensus gov had duty to reduce the deficit

LG's fall from power

Reasons for his downfall

Inconsistency in foreign policy, LG's desire to go to war…

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· Proved the undoing of the Liberals, they were marginalised
· Mixture of old and new free trade debate make the election significant




Aims of 1924 Labour gov

o Official aims were established in 1918 constitution ­ socialist ideas of part of the
party before the war but did not…

Page 8

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1. Agricultural act
Gave farmers money to set up wage boards and set up a sort of minimum wage for
different types of farming
First tried in 1920 but failed, this system remained in place till after WW2 in 1946

2. Unemployment insurance act
Created a system where your benefits…

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o Was not kind to the workers, used Emergency powers act to get transport
worker to go back to work in 1924
o Did nothing to help with the independence movement in the empire, built up
planes against Iraq and was more aggressive

1924 election

Results

Conservatives ­ 419
Labour…

Page 10

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Work of Neville Chamberlain

o Headed the ministry of health
o Passed 22 of 25 proposed plans including food hygiene, medical training and slum
clearance
o The 1925 Widows, Orphans and Old Age Pension act extended the old age pension
to those who paid to 65 extending 1911 act ­…

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