Types Of Narrative
Circular Narrative: Starts at the end, and ends at the end.
Episodic Narrative: Fragmented or disjointed, chapters skip forwards and backwards in time.
Linear Narrative: Events happen chronologically.
Embedded Narrative: Story within a story.
First Person Narrative: Story is told from the first person, as a result it is slightly changed by character's personality and bias. Thoughts and feelings about events are given, potentially creating an unreliable narrator.
Third Person Narrative: Tells you what is going on only.
Intradiagetic Narrator: A narrator who is involved in the story.
Extradiagetic Narrator: A narrator who isn't involved in the story and not confined to it.
Unreliable Narrator: Narrators that hide and withhold information (common in first person).
Types Of Voice
Direct Speech: This tells you exactly what the characters say, it can be split into two categories-
- Attributed direct speech: What the character says, followed by "she said" etc.
- Free direct speech: The character isn't named or referred to after they speak.
Indirect Speech: The narrator or another character gives an account of what was said, for example "The doctor said she needed to change her diet."
Analepsis: Flashbacks or looking back.
Foreshadowing: Hints at what is going to happen in the story.
Mirroring: Two events that seem to copy each other.
Symbol: Something that represents an emotion, state etc
Motif: Use this word instead of theme, this is something that keeps occuring in the novel.
Pathetic Fallacy: When the surroundings of a person match a person's feelings.
Allusion: Brief reference to something else, that may or may not be involved in the story.