Literary Terminology (AO1)


Types Of Narrative

Circular Narrative: Starts at the end, and ends at the end.

Episodic Narrative: Fragmented or disjointed, chapters skip forwards and backwards in time.

Linear Narrative: Events happen chronologically.

Embedded Narrative: Story within a story.

First Person Narrative: Story is told from the first person, as a result it is slightly changed by character's personality and bias. Thoughts and feelings about events are given, potentially creating an unreliable narrator.

Third Person Narrative: Tells you what is going on only.

Intradiagetic Narrator: A narrator who is involved in the story.

Extradiagetic Narrator: A narrator who isn't involved in the story and not confined to it.

Unreliable Narrator: Narrators that hide and withhold information (common in first person).

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Types Of Voice

Direct Speech: This tells you exactly what the characters say, it can be split into two categories-

  • Attributed direct speech: What the character says, followed by "she said" etc.
  • Free direct speech: The character isn't named or referred to after they speak.

Indirect Speech: The narrator or another character gives an account of what was said, for example "The doctor said she needed to change her diet."

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Analepsis: Flashbacks or looking back.

Foreshadowing: Hints at what is going to happen in the story.

Mirroring: Two events that seem to copy each other.

Symbol: Something that represents an emotion, state etc

Motif: Use this word instead of theme, this is something that keeps occuring in the novel.

Pathetic Fallacy: When the surroundings of a person match a person's feelings.

Allusion: Brief reference to something else, that may or may not be involved in the story. 

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