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Criminal Law

When the State accuses someone of a crime


The state punishes individuals/ groups or businesses for crimes against the state (breaking the law).

Criminal law is to protect the community

Protect individuals from harm

Protect property from harm

Preserve order in society

Punish those who deserve punishment


Usually prosecuted by the Crown Prosecution Service

Prosecution has to prove the case beyond a reasonable doubt  (known as standard of proof)

Case is heard in the criminal courts- either by

Crown Court – more serious crimes

Magistrates- less serious crimes

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