Kobe Earthquake (MEDC) - Restless Earth

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Kobe Earthquake (MEDC) Jan 17th 1995-Restless Eart

Causes:

  • 7.2 richter scale, Philippeans plate under Eurasion plate (focus 16km below crust)

Primary effects:

  • 5000 died
  • 40,000 injured
  • 300,000 homeless
  • 102,000 buildings destroyed

Secondary effects:

  • 2,000,000 homes with no electricity
  • 1,000,000 no water for 10 days
  • Damage $200 billion
  • Damaged roads
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Kobe Earthquake (MEDC) - Restless Earth

Immediate responses:

  • Free telephone calls by motorola
  • Water, gas, electricity by July 1995
  • Emegency services, when access available

Long-term responses:

  • 80% of port working, year after
  • Hanshin exspressway closed
  • January 1999, 134,000 houses rebuilt
  • New laws, to make structures earthquake proof
  • Instruments to monitor earthquakes
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Haiti Earthquake (LEDC) Jan 12th 2010 - Restless E

Causes: Conservative margin between N.american plate and Caribbean plate.

Primary effects:

  • 316,000 dead
  • +1,000,000 homeless
  • 280,000 buildings collapsed
  • Rubble blocked transport

Secondary effects:

  • 2011 still shift tempory homes
  • Cholera killed 0ver 300 hundred children
  • Storms+flodding destroyed camps
  • 19 million cubic meters of rubble and debris over port -au - prince
  • cost= $11.5bn 5-10 years
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Haiti Earthquake (LEDC) - Restless Earth

Immediate responses:

  • Delays led to sporadic violence
  • UK disasters emergency commite gave £100 million to support 1.2 million people
  • Money raised = emergency shelter, medical kits, clean water, sanitation

Long-term responses:

  • $300 million by EU
  • World bank waived dept repayments for 5 years
  • 23 major charities = $1.1 billion raised - only 2% released
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