kobe earthquake

case study by flora

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  • Created on: 10-10-09 13:03
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Kobe earthquake
The Kobe earthquake happened on Tuesday 17, January 1995 at 5:46am
In the southern part of Japan the earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale it
lasted approximately 20 seconds. The focus of the earthquake was locale 16km
beneath its epicentre. The population of Kobe was 1.5 million.
An earthquake is the shaking and vibration of the earth crust due to movement of
the earth's plates. An earthquake happens along plate boundaries.
(Philippine plate, Eurasian plate, and the pacific plate)
The Philippine is an Oceanic crust so it was thrust under the Eurasian plate, which
is a continental crust. This type of plate boundary is called a destructive plate
boundary. It was when these three plates collided against each other that the
earthquake had been caused.102, 000 buildings to collapse railways were also
destroyed and part of the Kobe highways broke off.
The city lost its resources because water, electricity, and gas lines ran
underground. So when the underground shifted, all the pipes were broken and
destroyed.gas explosions and fires were results of the pipes breaking and so
many homes were burnt down. More than 150 billion dollars of infrastructure was
killed and more than 400,000 were homeless. By January 24th, 589 evacuation
homes were built and a month later schools were reopened. Electricity, gas, and
phone lines were fixed and running smoothly by July 1995 this was possible
because Kobe is a (MEDC).
Effects of an earthquake in an LEDC are much greater than the effects in an
MEDC. Some reasons why is because buildings in MEDC's are more likely to be
built to withstand earthquakes than in LEDC's because it would be too costly for
LEDC's. For example, in the Kobe earthquake only about 5,000 people were killed
whereas in Turkey, an earthquake that had been 6.87.0 on the Richter scale killed
17,000 people. Another reason is because MEDC's are more likely to have plans
and emergency drills planned out in case of natural hazards unlike LEDC's which
lack disaster response plans. LEDC's often need the help of MEDC's when a
natural hazard takes place because more money and resources are needed. So
for aid to come to LEDC's could take a few days and by then more people who
were trapped or sick could have died.


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