June 2014

1.1

List two peripheral output devces that could be used with a computer (2)
· Printer · Plotter · 3D Printer · Laser cutter · Monitor / Screen · Speakers · Headphones / Earphones / Headset · Projector · Smartboard
Give two drawbacks of using wired connections to network computers (2)
 Restricts range (of movement)/less flexible · Can be messy/unattractive · Health and safety / risk of tripping · Logistics / hard to install / cost of setup · Users can interfere with cabling / pull cables out
List three ways in which a student could personalise their account profile (3)
· Image / Avatar / Photo / Video / Audio · Page design / layout / colour / theme · Personal Information / Bio / Hobbies · Status · GPS / location · Hyperlinks
Give two advantages to the school of using hosted applications software rather than locally installed software (2)
· (Sometimes) cheaper (than locally installed software) · (Work/data) backed up  · Can access from anywhere with a connection · Possibility of collaborative working · No need for (on-site) support (e.g. less time to install / maintain) · Automatically updates · Less/no local storage required

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1.2

Lisat three things that Tahira could do to the monitor to minimise the risks to the teacher's health and safey (3)
· Image refresh rate · Brightness / Contrast · Document Holder · Tilt / angle / height · Avoid glare · Distance of monitor from eyes · Resolution · Add a screen filter
Explain why tahira might use an interactive whiteboard in a lesson with younger students (3)
· Making it more engaging/fun (1)  · Use of activity (Drawing/Painting, Voting, Drag/Drop activity, Virtual Keyboard, Virtual Instrument) (1)  · Improve the learning (1) · Supports students with different learning styles (1) · Helps to explain/reinforce lesson content.(1)  · Collaboration (1)
State two ways that tahira could make a computer more suitable for students with visual impairments to use (2)
· Use a larger screen · Braille display · Adapted keyboard
 
· Use magnifier · (Change) screen resolution · Speech recognition / text to speak / voice over · Increase system/OS font size  · Change screen colour (scheme)/contrast/brightness · Increase cursor size

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1.3

Give three search techniques tahira could use to return fewer results (3)
· Boolean (+/-, And/Not/Or) · Date (recent first) · Specify results type (images/text) · Location · Speech marks (around a phrase)
Explain why users might be asked to complete a challenge response test (3)
To improve security (1) preventing/checking for spam / (automated) scripts (e.g. sign-ups /DOS attacks) (1) ensuring the „user‟ is human / not software/code/[ro]bot (1) only humans can interpret the „challenge test‟ / (bots) cannot interpret/read (1)
Describe how students can collaborate using features of an online workspace to complete a project (4)
· Feature[s] (up to 2 marks)  that allow: · How (one given feature) facilitates communication or collaboration (1) that helps students to: · Plan/edit/combine/manage/feedback (1) on work/tasks that are: · Shared [with others] (1)
Examples of features: Use chat / IM / video conferencing / file management / Calendars / Announcements

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1.4

Describe one way in which he could use his phone to contact the uk without sing the mobile phone network (2)
Use WiFi and 1 mark for:  to use email / IM / VoIP / social spaces / video call (1)
Explain one advan of storign the photos locally, rather than online (3)
· Faster access to storage / the photos load quicker (1) Because there is no delay (1) caused by (low) bandwidth / (high) latency (1)
Describe the poissible impact of people's gender on their chocie of mobile phone featurs and the functionality these features provide (3)
People of different genders may/may not have different personal interests/preferences (1) [required feature] (1) that provides [particular functionality] (1)
Example answer A:  (As the source indicates,) more women like to regularly play games on their mobile phone (1) so they will choose a mobile phone with a fast graphics processor (1) to improve display quality (1)
Example answer B: (A person‟s gender does not affect their choice of mobile phone because) all genders have an equal interest in the use of social media (1) and will require WiFi connectivity (1) to access the internet (1)

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1.5

Discuss hoiw an individuals's access to a wide range of online services affects their abviltiy to operate safely iun the digital world (6)
+ve It is easier to track criminal activity through „digital footprints‟ People could become more resilient through their interaction with and exposure to a wider range of people/ideas Support is readily available for those that suffer from those with bad intentions Communities help to moderate activity
-ve People have many accounts that are stored on many devices and servers that use the backbone, therefore passwords are often stored on many different servers. Multiple passwords for different services are difficult to remember, so people often use just one. This is more risky as provides just one key to many stores of personal data. Widespread use means that many types of people use the internet, including those with bad intentions. The nature of the wide distribution of services means that it is easier for those with bad intentions to misuse data Resultant threats to data that exist (viruses etc.) Physical threats (online grooming, cyber-bullying) that are caused by the way in which some users misuse the internet. Anonymity afforded by the internet.

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1.6

Discuss the impact of these new uses of IT on people's daily lives (6)
6.1. security issues that arise when information is transmitted and stored digitally Chip and PIN / Biometrics
6.2. privacy issues associated with the use of ICT GPS/Cookies
6.3. ways in which ICT can be used to monitor individuals‟ movements and communications RFID/GPS
6.4. health and safety issues that arise from individuals‟ use of ICT Wireless control / wearable tech / gesture control / Wireless charging
6.5. the impact on society of the widespread use of networks and the ability of individuals to access networks anywhere 4G / WiFi / Mobile digital devices / „The internet of things‟
6.6. legislation relating to the use of ICT, including copyright and data protection DRM
6.7. the causes and implications of unequal access to ICT (locally, globally) Mobile broadband / Speech recognition / accessible interfaces
6.8. safe and responsible practice when using ICT Possible risk to privacy through lack of care when using social networks or similar
6.9. sustainability issues and ways of minimising/mitigating the environmental impact of ICT.

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