islam key wrds

HideShow resource information


means a truth which never varies.

1 of 31

Absolutist: -

- a rule that is true in all situations.

2 of 31


- is when an object fulfils its potential and becomes something else

3 of 31


a statement that is true by definition. No evidence is needed

4 of 31

Apparent Good:

a faulty judgement as a result of the misuse of reason or misunderstanding of Divine Law.

5 of 31

A priori knowledge:

is knowledge gained from logical reasoning, wholly independent on sense experience.

6 of 31

Categorical imperative:

an absolute and universal sense of moral duty which directs humans to the right actions.

7 of 31


dependant on something else for its being.

8 of 31


an acceptance of the Genesis account of the creation of the universe as factual truth.


9 of 31

Deductive arguments:

depending on logic not experience, if the premises are true then the conclusion is proved.

10 of 31


is a belief in an impersonal creator god.

11 of 31

Efficient cause:

Aristotle used this to explain how something happens, the agent which brings something about.

12 of 31

Empirical knowledge:

is knowledge gained from the senses

13 of 31

Epistemic distance: -

a distance in knowledge or awareness.

14 of 31

Final cause

Aristotle used this to mean the purpose of something

15 of 31

The inconsistent triad

means that a perfectly good and all-knowing God cannot exist at the same time as evil.

16 of 31

Inductive arguments:

can’t prove but try to persuade by providing evidence from human experiences in support of the conclusion.

17 of 31

Infinite regression:

Things continuing back forever are called infinite regression

18 of 31

Infinite regression:

Things continuing back forever are called infinite regression

19 of 31


refers to something which logically must be true

20 of 31


of or relating to essence or the nature of being

21 of 31


is something which is an initial assumption.

22 of 31

Posteriori argument:

depend on some kind of evidence to support them.


23 of 31


a characteristic or attribute of something

24 of 31

Prior arguments:

is like a deductive argument, which is proven through logic to prove a point and doesn’t need evidence.

25 of 31


someone who is inclined to doubt what he or she is told or wishes to suspend judgement unless there is certainty: someone who is keen to point out the limitations of knowledge.


26 of 31

Summum bonum:

is the state of supreme good when virtue and happiness come together.

27 of 31


the subconscious set of moral controls given us by outside influences like the rules of society.

28 of 31


justification of God. It is an attempt by philosophers to reconcile (settle) the goodness and omnipotence of God with the existence of evil. Augustine and Irenaeus are two key scholars.

29 of 31


completely separate and out of his creation

30 of 31


people who use the Bible to prove the existence of God and creation.

31 of 31


No comments have yet been made

Similar Islamic Studies resources:

See all Islamic Studies resources »See all resources »