Symptoms of Influenza include:
- Sudden Fever
- Dry,chesty cough
- Difficulty Sleeping
- Limb or Joint pain
- Diarrohea or upset stomach
- Sore Throat
The flu virus is in millions of tiny droplets which come out the nose or mouth of an individual when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. Anyone who breathes in the droplets can catch the flu, also if an individual touches a surface which holds the droplets, they can catch the flu if they touch their mouth or nose.
Influenza is diagnosed by a doctor diagnosing an indivudal based on their symptoms.
If an individual has influenza they should stay home and rest, keep warm and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.
To prevent influenza individuals should:
- Keep good hygiene e.g. wash hands after going to the toilet.
- The Flu Jab- this is a small inactive dose of the virus that the WBC fight of and allow the body to become immune.
- Persistant cough- more than 3 weeks, brings up phlegm.may be bloody.
- Weight Loss
- Loss of Appetite
- Night Sweats
- High Temp(fever)
- Tiredness and Fatigue
TB is caused by the bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis, it is spread when an individual with an active TB infection coughs or sneezes and someone inhales the expelled droplets which contain the expelled bacteria.
To diagnose TB a doctor may send an indiviudal for tests such as:
- Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan.
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan.
- Ultrasound Scan.
- Blood Tests.
To treat Tuberculosis a course of antibiotics are usually given to an individual, these are usually taken for 6 months, the type of antibiotics can vary e.g.Isoniazid, Rifampin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide.
A vaccination and oral antibiotics are useful an d successful in preventing TB.