Infectious

Infectious Diseases are spread from something or someone else. They are sometimes called contagious diseases as they are easily spread. They can sometime spread from animals e.g rats-the plague.

Influenza Symptoms

Symptoms of Influenza include:

  • Sudden Fever
  • Dry,chesty cough
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Difficulty Sleeping
  • Limb or Joint pain
  • Sneezing
  • Chills
  • Diarrohea or upset stomach
  • Sore Throat
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Influenza Causes

The flu virus is in millions of tiny droplets which come out the nose or mouth of an individual when someone who is infected coughs or sneezes. Anyone who breathes in the droplets can catch the flu, also if an individual touches a surface which holds the droplets, they can catch the flu if they touch their mouth or nose.

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Influenza Diagnosis

Influenza is diagnosed by a doctor diagnosing an indivudal based on their symptoms.

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Influenza Treatment

If an individual has influenza they should stay home and rest, keep warm and drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration.

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Influenza Prevention

To prevent influenza individuals should:

  • Keep good hygiene e.g. wash hands after going to the toilet.
  • The Flu Jab- this is a small inactive dose of the virus that the WBC fight of and allow the body to become immune.
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TB Symptoms

  • Persistant cough- more than 3 weeks, brings up phlegm.may be bloody.
  • Weight Loss
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Night Sweats
  • High Temp(fever)
  • Tiredness and Fatigue
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TB Causes

TB is caused by the bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis, it is spread when an individual with an active TB infection coughs or sneezes and someone inhales the expelled droplets which contain the expelled bacteria.

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TB Diagnosis

To diagnose TB a doctor may send an indiviudal for tests such as:

  • Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Scan.
  • Ultrasound Scan.
  • Blood Tests.
  • Biopsy
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TB Treatment

To treat Tuberculosis a course of antibiotics are usually given to an individual, these are usually taken for 6 months, the type of antibiotics can vary e.g.Isoniazid, Rifampin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamide.

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TB Prevention

TB Prevention

A vaccination and oral antibiotics are useful an d successful in preventing TB.

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