Origins of the Cold War pre-World War 2
- From 1917 revolution great mistrust between USSR & West especially after West backed anti-Bolsheviks in Russian civil war.
- Based on oppositing economic & political systems; democratic capitalism & dectatorial. Both sides had already started proganda war. (Red Scare in 1920s USA & anti-western imperialist propaganda in the USSR).
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Post-World War 2
- USA and USSR opposing superpowers.
- Defeat of Germany led to Yalta & Potsdam agreements whereby Europe was split inro two (after much disagreement).
- With mutual enemy gone previous mistrust return. USSR imposed communism into occupied territory & US provided Marshall Aid.
- Escalated into Cold War with both sides fearing the other would try to assert dominance over them.
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Effects on USSR
- Economically the USSR kept levels of military spending high & geared the economy towards rapid military development to counter America.
- Acquired atomic bomb in 1949.
- Increaed paranoid of Western influence & subversion.
- Zhdanov's cultural reforms, Doctors plot & Hysterical isolation.
- Increased upsurge in Russian nationalist propagandato counter image of superior West. Past inventions falsely attributed to Russians (Radio) & past Russian leaders like Peter the Great praised despite being previously labelled tyrannical imperialist by the Bolsheviks.
- Development of the Cold War 1945-53 had two general effects once it threatened Stalin's grip on power & so the toralitarianism of High Stalinism was needed to counter the threat.
- Second it was explioted by Stalin to increase his power through fear.
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