icons, symbols, indexes

icons, symbols, indexes

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Icons are signs whose signifier bears a close resemblance to the thing to which they refer

Icons are said to be motivated

Iconic signs have a marked physical or perceptual resemblance between the signifier and that to which they refer

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Words are symbolic signs

There is no natural relationship between the word and its meaning, it's abitary and meanings are arrived at by a cultural convention.

Pierce used the word symbol to refer to a category of sign when there is no resemblance between it and its object.

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Indexes lie somewhere in between icons and symbols. An index is a sign whose signifier we have learnt to identify with a particulare signified.

An index is connected to its object.

e.g. smoke is an index of fire

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Icons, symbols and indexes are INTERACTIVE and OVERLAPPING

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