Human Factors in Disasters

HideShow resource information

Rapid Population Growth

Growing popualtion means: 

  • Pressure on land, leads to poeple living in high risk areas 
  • Growing number of elderly people who are more vulnerable to hazards 
  • A growing number of young people in developed areas who are also vulnerable 
1 of 4

Deforestation and Land Degradation

Pressure on land from growing population leads to: 

  • Deforestation to gain farmland, this leads to desertification and flooding 
  • Destruction of mangroves leads to coastal flooding and erosion 
  • Farming in marginal areas and deforestation for firewood leads to desertifcation 
2 of 4

Urbanisation

Rural to urban migration and urban sprawl leads to: 

  • The development of squatter settlements in high risk areas 
3 of 4

Poverty and Politics

Disasters tend to have a greater impact in poorer countries:

  • Earthquakes have higher death tolls in less developed countries who cannot afford technology to predict buildings 
  • Developing countries may not be able to prepare for disasters 
  • Populations who are poorly educated and have little access to communications technology it is harder to prepare them for disasters 
  • Harder to get aid to remote areas with poor infrastructure 
  • Corrupt governments make misuse resources or prevent international aid reaching their populations 
4 of 4

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Natural hazards resources »