Housing Improvements (3.2)


The Metropolitan Building Act, 1844

Required all newly constructed buildings that were within 30 feet of a ommon sewer to be connected to it.

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Local Government Act, 1858

Set out model by-laws and 10 years later some 568 towns were using them.

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The Public Health Act, 1875

Set out very clearly what the powers of local authorities were with regards to building regulations. By-laws from 1877 sought to regulate width of streets, height of buildings, and drainage systems.

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The Common Lodging Houses Act, 1851 and 1853

All lodging houses were registered and inspected by the police BUT acts badly drafted and never enforced. 

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Nuisances Removal Act, 1855

Empowered local authorities to combat overcrowding, wiith fines and prosecution.

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The Sanitary Act, 1866

Empowered local authorities to limit the use of cellars for occupation.

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Artisans' and Labourers Dwellings Act, 1868

Local councils can force landlords to repair an insanitary house, if not council could buy and pull down.

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Artisans' and Labourers Dwellings Improvement Act,

Local councils could clear whole districts, not just individual houses. 

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Homes for Heroes, 1918

Should have improved housing but building materials very expensive so hard to build houses that the poor could afford. 

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Central Government housing act, 1919

Government subsidies given to local councils to enable them to build affordable houses (council houses). 

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Slum clearance, 1930

Government subsidy for lcoal councils to try and abolish slums.

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Slum clearance, 1933

Councils asked to preapre 5 year plans to abolish slums. 

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Housing Improved, 1939

Most houses in towns and cities had piped water, only 50% had a hot water tap and a fixed bath.

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George Peabody, 1864-1882

1864 - opened first block of flats for the poor of London - contained toilets, baths, and laundry facilities. By 1882, 14,600 people were housed by the Peabody trust in 3500 dwellings.

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Titus Salt, 1850s

Moved his Bradford factory in the 1850s to purpose-built village of Saltaire. First built new mill, houses, a school, parks. No pubs were allowed. 

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