Carol Ann Duffy - Havisham
Unrhymed- 4 stanzas
Lots of colour, reference to body parts and violent terminology.
Her hate grew from the man she loved- "Beloved sweetheart *******." - oxymoron.
Emotive language- "b-b-b-breaks." , "Nooooo" - distressed, mind has broken as well as her heart, crying.
"Not a day since then I haven't wished him dead."- jealousy, depressed for so long, hate, envy.
Carol Ann Duffy - Anne Hathaway.
Sonnet ends on a rhyming couplet- "head, bed"
Moderate references to sex- "a verb dancing in the centre of a noun" , "as he held me upon that next best bed".- physically close.
"Romance and drama" - suggesting that they weren't as in love as Anne Hathaway is saying- dreams that she was a character in one of Shakespeare's plays - jealousy- arguments- affair?
Carol Ann Duffy - Salome
In Salome Duffy could be hinting/saying that the modern world is going down hill this theme runs throughout Salome.
References to the Bible - "What was his name? Peter? Simon? Andrew? John?" , "like a lamb to the slaughter"
Hungover from last night can't remember what happened- "dry toast, no butter"
Realisation that she needs to clean up her act - "cut out the booze and the **** and the sex"
No smpathy/ no guilt - "ain't life a *****" - not ashamed of killing someone suggesting that she has done it before like in the first line of the poem- "I'd done it before" Enjambment- run on lines - conversational- sentences quite short - colloquial language(slang) - "booze" "batter".
Carol Ann Duffy - Before You Were Mine
Themes - parent/child relationships , generation gap , the way in which women are portrayed.
Poem directed at mother - "where you sparkle and waltz and laugh before you were mine." You showing that it is aimed at the mother. "sparkle" - in her eye? cheeky? charming? she will never forget her?.
The start of stanzas 1,2,3 have a time phrase from before she was born e.g. "a decade ahead"
"Cha cha cha! You'd teach me the steps on the way home from Mass" - showing that her Mum is fun - dancing but showing she can be serious - going to church.