Health & Social Care. - Lifestages - PIES.

notes on the aspects of development in lifestages.

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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 23-12-11 10:51

INFANCY (0-2 YEARS) PIES.

PHYSICAL-  Infants start to crawl, chew food, walk holding on to something, learn more through senses, become stronger for toddler age, develop better head control, can reach for things, use thumb and index finger to grab objects, teething begins.

INTELLECTUAL- Can name objects, speak short sentences, ask questions, understand what other people say, follow simple commands, be able to recognise colours & simple shapes, be able to count.

EMOTIONAL- Have tantrums, cry when in distress, scream when frustrated, smile at faces & eye to eye contact with parents etc.

SOCIAL- Show fear of seperation, play with themselves if someone close to them is far away, towards the end of this lifestage infants show interest in others the same age.

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CHILDHOOD (3-8 YEARS)

P- Grow in height and weight, form complete set of permanent teeth, bladder & bowel control is fully developed, co-ordination and mobility skills improve, strength and stamina increases, start to be able to draw recognisable pictures.

I- Learn through play, get curious, vocabulary increases, learn to read an write, problem solving skills increase, learn rules, understand diferent points of view.

E- Get better at conrolling emotions, can manage short seperations from parents, show more independence, develop empathy, can describe themselves.

S- Can share, take turns & co-operate, enjoy being held or cuddled, frienships devleop, have preferred friends but these often change throughout the whole lifestage.

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ADOLESCENCE (9-18 YEARS)

P- Have growth spurt, start puberty, growth of muscles & broadened shoulders in boys , girls develop breasts & hips broaden also menustration starts, increased production of sex hormones, both can reproduce.

I- Can solve hypothetical problems, can concentrate more, stragies develop, sometimes lose interest in topics.

E- Body imqge becomes a bigger deal, self consciousness develops, over react to situations, rely more on friends than parents, become strongly influenced by peers, strong feelings for sexual partners.

S- Experience social awkwardness, friendships with peers become deeper and long lasting, jin clubs based on interest, relationships are often-altough intense-the relationships re quite brief. 

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EARLY ADULTHOOD (19-45 YEARS)

P- Can gain weight, start to lose hair, increases in strength.

I- Continue to study, and learn new things at university for later in life.

E- Self concept continues to develop, less self conscious and less concern for body image.

S- Formation of long term partnerships, have children and develop skills to deal with them, have strong urges to protect the child/children, develop relationship wth other people at work.

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MIDDLE ADULTHOOD (45-65 YEARS)

P- Mens hair turns grey and receeds further, women go through the menopause and are no longer fertile, bons feel stiffer.

I- Skills tend not to increase any further in this lifestage but they do develop practical life skills, make more sensible judgements, gain wisdom.

E- More emotionally stable and are ready to settle down from work to the end of this life stage.

S- As moving higher up the career ladder adults gain social skills, retire from work at the very end of this life stage which can either reduce or increase a persons social life depending on how a person behaves socially.

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LATER ADULTHOOD (65+ YEARS)

P- Get shorter, bones become more brittle, more broken bones than in earlier life stages, blood pressure incrases, the risk of heart disease and strokes increase, the immune system weakens, he skin becomes thinner and less elastic, wrinkle develop and age spots occur, hair becomes thinner and turns white, eyesight changes, senses are reduced, bladder becomes weaker.

I- Loss of thinking, slow in thought, action slips occur: pouring tea into a milk jug, short term/long term oss of thinking, alzeimers disease can occur at this point.

E- Reduced self concept and self esteem, death of a partner is likely and so bereavement can happen, may become isolated and lonely.

S- Social circle gets smaller, social isolation happens, social contacts are less thrilling and friendships are harder to make, clubs can help reduce social isolation.

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Comments

nazish

thnxz thats really helpfull

lilytate

thanks:)

Courtney Randles

Thanks, helped me a lot :)

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