Government under Somerset

  • Somerset took power & established himself protecterate despite King's wishes of Regency Council rule.
  • Members of Privy Council felt resentment & there was no guarantee of wider public acceptance of Somerset's Protecterate.
  • Widespread feat about breakdown of law and order.
  • Cranmer formulated Homily on Obedience intended to be read in parish churches- stressed moral, religious and legal need to obey lawfully constituted authority.
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Somerset's Foreign Policy

  • Somerset's aggressive approach to Scotland= determined by strategic objective of reasserting ancient claim of Edward I to suzerainty over Scottish throne, to enforce marriage to Mary QoS & unite crowns of England & Scotland.
  • Chosen strategy to defeat Scots in battle, build and garrison a number of forts in borders of S. Scotland & force Scots into submission.
  • + Defeated Scots in Battle of Pinkie, September 1547
  • - Forts proved difficult & expensive to garrison- English couldn't capture stratigically significant castles @ Dunbar & Edinburgh- failed to bloacked Firth of Forth properly, enabing French to relieve Edinburgh.
  • Paid for war by debasing the coinage which considerably heightened inflationary pressures already evident & added to social distress.
  • Deteriorating relationship with France led to threat of war & prospect of French invasion of S. England- heightened resentments of Privy Council about his style of government.
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Government under Somserset

  • Somerset took power & established himself protecterate despite King's wishes of Regency Council rule.
  • Members of Privy Council felt resentment & there was no guarantee of wider public acceptance of Somerset's Protecterate.
  • Widespread feat about breakdown of law and order.
  • Cranmer formulated Homily on Obedience intended to be read in parish churches- stressed moral, religious and legal need to obey lawfully constituted authority.
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Faction Rivalry

  • Somerset's regime soured by factional rivalries.
  • Thomas Seymour (originally angered being left out of Privy Council) was placated by Somerset by granting membership.
  • Seymour not satisfied- used death of wife to further career by seeking to marry Elizabeth & sought to turn Edward against Somerset & plotted with Earl of Southampton against Somerset.
  • Somerset brought treason charges against Seymour.
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