Act One Scene One and the Witches
Plunged into the action with the three witches
- 'in thunder, lightning or in rain' - pathetic fallacy, very gothic weather
- 'fair is foul, and foul is fair'
The three witches are women signifying the deviant
Them giving predictions foreshadows the chaos and Macbeth's downfall/transgression
Women challenge the male order/power
Interpretations of the witches:
- 'agents of the devil' linked with satan
Context - witches break 'the great chain of being' - category violation
- 'you should be women, and yet your beards forbid me to interpret' - neither male not female
- 'that look not like the inhabitants o' the earth' - are they human? - don't belong to a category in the chain
'So foul and fair a day' - mirrors what was said at the beginning by the witches but this time by Macbeth
Gender roles - breaking the natural order and the great chain of being (context)
Denies her femininity
- 'tis to full o' th' milk of human kindness' - milk associated with femininity
- 'come you spirits' - wants to be possessed to get rid of her femininity in order to be able to kill the king
- 'make thick my blood' - blood will not be able to reach her heart so not emotions
- 'unsex me here' - wants to get rid of the fact she is a female and rid herself of motherly instincts in order to kill the king
Very controlling over Macbeth - again breaks the chain - convinces him to kill the king
- ' you would be so much more the man' - questions his masculinity in order to fully convince him
- 'if we should fail?' - doubt
- 'art thou afeard'
- 'and live a coward'