Geography Population case studies

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  • Created by: Lilly
  • Created on: 23-04-13 18:25

Settlement case studies

Canning Town- Inner city area

General Information:

  • in top 5% of deprived areas in UK
  • Poor health- 17% of population suffereing from long term limiting illness
  • Low levels of education- 49.7% f 16-74 yr olds do not have formal education
  • Good transport links on DLR
  • No secondary school
  • High levels of crime- due to high rise, high density flat estates
  • People too scared to leave home after dark
  • Lack of green space

Environment is a problem area is built up and there is a lack of green space. People feel isolated and fearful to leave their homes.

High density housing though to be cause of lots of crime, difficult to police- lots of crime not reported due to language barriers with ethnic minorities

Health is poor, lacks facilities to cope with it- is a deprived are

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Canning Town- Housing

  • 74.6% rent their homes
  • Many high rise buldings, much poor quality, run-down housing

The design and layout of the housing tock was identified by police as a problem for crime and policing as it is hard to assess and manage the estate

Housing is generally poor and run down

Poor environment can affect peoples health and ability to feel safe

High levels of rented accomodation os reflection of this level of deprevation

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Canning Town- Ethnicity

  • 61% white
  • 6.4% Asian
  • 26,9% black
  • An increasing number of migrants are moving into the area

Mix of ethnic groups in area, good as ethnic communities can support each other, however some groups don't mix. Authorities have to deal with issues related to providing various facilities for the needs to the different groups and any tensions between groups- possibility of gang culture, inreased crime and people fearful to leave their homes

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Canning Town- Age structure

5-15 yrs = 17.7%

16-19 yrs= 5.4%

20-44 ys= 38.1%

65+ = 10.9%

The community profile for this area identifies high levels of health needs among residents

Canning Town South has high levels of CVDs and the highest rate of infant mortality and premature death acoss all catagories

Lack of secondary school- can explain low numbers of  16-19 year olds and also low levels of education

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Canning Town- Wealth

  • Poverty amongsr most of the population
  • 17.5% claim income support

Problems of poverty will lead to increased debt and less money for entertainment and sporting activities, which can addto the already problematic health issues in the area- high CVD, Infant mortality, premature death

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Canning Town- Employment

  • 37.6% employed full time
  • 6.7% unemployed
  • 9.1% permenantly sic/ disabled
  • 26.5% are managers, professional- much lower than 40.3% national average

Some suggest that residents are reluctant to travel outside of the immediate neighbourhood for work and that many residents lack basic skills or need re-skilling in order to access employment

Suggested that there may be reluctance among ex industry workers to take different sector jobs with lower pay and that there was dissatisfaction with low paid jobs avaliable

Education in the area is low- high unemployment- less people in skilled or professional work- all leads to higher crime rates, e.g. car theft

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Canning Town- Provision of services

  • Canning Town Regeneration project hopes to build 500,000km2 of retial leisure and service space in the town centre, perhaps reflectin of the need to imporve socail conditions nad hte environment in the are

Lack of secondary school will impact the level of education of young people in the area, especially if they are unwillin to travel to other areas

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Isle of Purbeck- Rural settlement

Isle of Purbeck- Rural settlement

General information

  • Classfified as remote rural district
  • 27.4% of 16-74 yr olds with no formal qualification
  • Area dominated by elderly retired and communters
  • Wide open spaces

Less environmental issues as it is a rural area with low density hosuing and lots of green space. However, people can still be isolated as many villages are remote and transport is a real issue

Limited jobs for those who were bought up in area and have limited education- pupils often have to travel long distances to secondary school and this can impact their education and also employment of the area

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Isle of Purbeck- Housing

  • House rpices risen at a higher rate than national average due to high demand for housing
  • 7.7% rented by council

Most houses owner occupied (73.7%) and gnerally in good condition

Problem in this area is that houses are expensive compared to the average as there is such demand to live in rural area- often means that those local to the area cannot afford housing and have to move out

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Isle of Purbeck- Ethnicity

  • Ethnic minorities significantly low in proportion

Little conflict between ethnic minorites, low levels of crime

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Isle of Purbeck- Age structure

5-15 yrs = 13.55%

16-19 yrs= 4.3%

20-44 yrs = 28.14%

65+ yrs = 21.77%

  • Increase in population over last 40 yrs, reaching 44,400 in 2001
  • Older than the country as a whole due to the popularity of the area for retirement
  • Has seen outmigration of younger adults in search of jobs and cheaper housing

High proportion of 45+, provision needs to be made for those who are retired. These can almostly be divided into 2 sections- those who are wealthy and moved to the area on retirement and locals who are perhaps more deprived

Provision needs to make sure that elderly have access to health facilities and with limited transport this can be an issue

Number of doctors surgeries in area has increased

Rural servies declining, elderly can feel islated and find it difficult to access shops for food

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Isle of Purbeck- Wealth

  • High phouse prices would indicate a relatively high level of wealth in the area- however, the wealth is often concentrated to those who have mvoed into the area and often many rural residents are living in some level of deprevation

Young adults may be forced to migrate out of the area in search of more affordable housing. Tensions may develop between those who 'have' and those who 'do not'

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Isle of Purbeck- Employment

  • Local employment is limited and average weekly wage for people in this district is £65 below the national average
  • 36.8% employed full time
  • 1.9% unemployed- lower than national average of 3.3%
  • 18.6% retired- much higher than national averge of 13.5%
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Isle of Purbeck- Provision of services

  • Sharp decline in number of shops selling general produce
  • 3 out of 4 villages have no general store
  • 38 rural post officies- elederly need this to collect pensions, possibility of poverty
  • Some areas have better provosion of services- Corfe castle, due to tourism in the area
  • Decline of services have made people more dependent on private and public transport
  • Limited public transport

Many of outlined isses will cause social welfare problems for 2 main groups in the area- elderly without private transport and the rural poor

Accessibility to health care is a key requirement of social welfare

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