- The inner core is in the centre of the Earth and is the hottest part of the Earth. The inner core is solid. It is made up of iron and nickel with temperatures of up to 5500°C. With its immense heat energy, the inner core is like the engine room of the Earth.
- The outer core is the layer surrounding the inner core. It is a liquid layer, also made up of iron and nickel. It is still extremely hot here, with temperatures similar to the inner core.
- The mantle is the widest section of the Earth. It has a diameter of approximately 2900km. The mantle is made up of semi-molten rock called magma. In the upper parts of the mantle the rock is hard, but lower down, nearer the inner core, the rock is soft and beginning to melt.
- The crust is the outer layer of the earth. It is a thin layer between 0-60km thick. The crust is the solid rock layer upon which we live.
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