Geography Keywords (A)

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Loss of water from an ice sheet or glacier
Ablation
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Scrapping of materials by moving natural features
Abrasion
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Relatively level areas of the ocean floor, found around 5000m bellow sea level
Abyssal Plains
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Measure of ease to which one can reach features in the evironment
Accessibility
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Growth of a natural feautre by enlargement
Accretion
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Net gain in an ice mass
Accumulation
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Consequent effect of acid rain
Acidification
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Contains high proportion of silca
Acid lava
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Dry deposition of sulphur dixoide, nitrogren oxides and nitric acid, and wet depostion to form precipitation, mist, clouds
Acid rain
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Upper layer of soil in which undergoes seasonal thawing in periglacial areas which experience permafrost conditions
Active layer
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Temperature changes in air independant of other conditions
Adiabatic
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Slope of hill/valley facing the Sun
Adret
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Physical/chemical bonding of liquids/solids/gases
Adsorption
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Horizontal transfer of heat
Advection
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Process of erosion by wind
Aeolian
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Pictures taken from above ground looking down
Aerial photographs
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The deliberate planting of trees
Afforestation
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Several firms choose same area as location to reduce costs
Agglomeration
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Building up of deposits by rivers within channels
Aggradation
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Name for farming system organisied by scientific and business principles
Agribusiness
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Sequence of events linking to the cultivation of crops or tending of livestock to food consumed
Agricultual Chain
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Name to widespread changes to agriculture post-war
Agricultural Revolution
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Chemical inputs into farming
Agro-chemicals
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A donor giving resources to a poorer country with the main aim to improve its economy
Aid
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Result of viral infection HIV
AIDS
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Extensive body in the air, that only has gradual horizontal change in temperature and humidity given height
Air mass
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Steep-sided, flat-floored depression
Alases
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Amount of solar radiation reflected by Earth's surface/atmosphere
Albedo
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Created by fermentation of crops
Alcohol Fuels
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Exessive growth of phytoplankton
Algal blooms
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Cones of sediment deposited by rivers emerging from steep-sided valleys
Alluvial fans
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Sediment deposited by a river
Allluvium
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Sources that don't rely of burning fossil fuels
Alternative energy
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Feature of developing countries, where hi-tech industries are inappropriate and too expensive
Alternative technology
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Agreement of citizens rights and freedom of movement
Amsterdam Treaty
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Motion of air up slopes
Anabatic
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Conditions within soild where free oxygen is not present
Anaerobic
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Germanic people inved British Isles estabishing their own villages
Anglo-saxon settlement
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Contains wide range of data in the UK
Annual Abstract of Statistics
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Form of discordant drainage
Antecedent drainage
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Area of high atmospheric pressure
Anticyclone
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Rapidly rising air in a thunderstorm
Anvil clouds
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AONB, under protection and cover 10% of England and Wales
Area of outstanding beauty
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Policy to segregate the people of South Africa
Apartheid
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Equipment suited to the conditions of a nation recieving aid
Appropriate technology
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Management of water environments
Aquaculture
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Permiable rock
Aquifer
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Type of agriculture which concentrates cultivation of plant crops
Arable
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Narrow knife-edged ridge with steep sides
arête
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Areas of dry climate
Aridity
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Mean/average of a distribution
Arithmatic average
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A trench with a rectangular cross-section
Arroyo
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Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Tawian, 4 countries that have experienced great economic growth
Asian Tigers
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Direction towards which a slope faces
Aspect
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Measure of accessibility in a network
Associated Number
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Layer of Earth's mantle, rocks are soft and easily deformed
Asthenosphere
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Occurs when tectonic processes create folding of rock strata
Atlantic type coastline
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Theories put foward to explain the general circulation of the atmosphere
Atmospheric circulation models
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Constitutes of the atmosphere, which are solid rather than gaseous
Atmospheric Particulates
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ring-shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral
Atolls
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Beliefs that predispose a person/group/organisation
Attitudes
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Right of self government
Autonomy
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Term applied to rapid downslope mass movement of rock, ice, snow
Avalanche
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Immature soil, lacking well-developed profile because it has been little affected by soil farming processes
Azonal soil
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Scrapping of materials by moving natural features

Back

Abrasion

Card 3

Front

Relatively level areas of the ocean floor, found around 5000m bellow sea level

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Measure of ease to which one can reach features in the evironment

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Growth of a natural feautre by enlargement

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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