- The weather in the UK is very variable
- When variations in daily weather conditions are aceraged out over a number of years, the pattern describes a country's climate
- Temperatures are neither too hot or cold
- This is called a Temperate
- This is due to its location between the cold Arctic region and the hot Tropic of Cancer.
- The UK recieves prevaling winds from the south-west.
- The UK has a cool temperate maritime climate
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- Much of Britain weather comes from low-pressure weather systems called depressions
- They travel from WEST to EAST across the UK into western Europe.
- They bring changeable weather with 2 main belts of rainfall; one with a warm front and the other cold front following it.
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- In winter high pressure weather systems also affect Western Europe
- They are caused by the cooling of the land
- This is because between September and March the Sun provides less intense heat over the northern hemisphere
- As the land cools it chills the air above it
- This sinks causing high pressure at the surface
- As air is not rising there are clear skies during both the day and night and extremely low temperatures
- This sinking only affects 2 kilometres of the ground but bring cooooold weather.
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- Summer of '99 brought hottest conditions experienced in England
- Driest July since '11
- Temperatures overtook those in Mediterranean
- During July and early August there were several periods of hot weather in diffparts of the country
- All associated with warm anticyclones
- Developed when warm air from the Tropic of Cancer was brought by upper air winds towards Western Europe
- As travelled north it became cool and sank over UK to bring high pressure, clear skies and tropical air
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- Many UK residents go other countries for main hol
- Lots travel south during peak holiday months of July & August to the islands & mainland resorts of Med
- The Costa Blanca of Spain is due south from London
- The popularity of of resorts like Benidorm has lasted for over 30 years
- Climate is always hot and dry in Med
- In Italy the cliamte can vary a great deal
- Those areas which are further from influence of sea experience a wider range of temperatures
- They heat up and cool down more than coastal areas
- This pattern is called continentality
- In mountainous areas such as Italian Alps winter temperatures can be very low!
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- A monsoon is a seasonal wind
- In the summer it blows northwards over India and Bangladesh
- In the winter it blows southwards over these countries towards northern Australia
- This cause dry weather conditions in Mumbai (Bombay)
- When rains come rivers flood the land and fish spawn in the rice fields
- People put away their ploughs and get out their fishing nets
- Nearly 2000mm of rain falls in the summer
- The north-west is a particularly arid region
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