• Created by: lyle05
  • Created on: 24-04-18 21:19


Measuring Population:

  • The population of a country is measured by a census.
  • In most countries the census is carried out every 10 years.

The UK's Population Structure:

  • The breakdown of a population by age is called Population structure.
  • Bars are down to represent every 5 year band.
  • Population pyramids are used to see trends in the population, such as, declining birth rates, increases of elderly people. 
  • The trends provide useful information for the goverment in helping to plan for future education, housing, employment and healthcare.
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Changes in the UK's Population structure since 1900:

  • The population of the UK was about 42 million and 30 per cent of people lived in the countryside, mostly engaged in farming.
  • People were moving to the UK for farming and working in factories, towns and cities.
  • More people are now living into old age.
  • After a period of falling births, there is a sudden increase, the continues into the early 1960's and has become known as the Baby Boomer generation.

The demographic Transition model:

  • It shows changes in the population of the UK since 1700.
  • BIRTH RATE: - the number of  live births per 1,000 of the population per year.
  • DEATH RATE: - the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population per year.
  • The difference between the birth rate and the death rate is called natural increase.
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Ageing population in the UK

  • In 2011, 9.2 million people were aged over 65.
  • This is almost a million more people than 2001.
  • In England and Wales, of those over hald decribed themselves as being in good health.

An ageing population (challenges and oppurtunities)

  • An ageing population does present many challenges.
  • Elderly people have greater medical needs and the costs of looking after them will increase in the future.
  • A ageing population brings with it huge ammounts of wisdom and compassion for others.
  • Manu older people give up their time to work as volunteers in the community and some continue to work in paid employment.
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Who are immigrants:

  • People have always migrated to the UK.
  • Emigrants are people who move out of a country.
  • The country has a diverse cultural heritage.
  • In the 20th century many people migrated from the carribean, and from india, Pakistan and Bangladesh.

What are the recent trends in immigration:

  • It shows the recent trends in immigration and emigration.
  • In the year to March 2015, net migration reached 330,000 and all time high.
  • This was more than 3 times the goverment target.
  • One reason for the high level net migration is a reduction in people wishing to leave the UK.
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Why do people come to the UK:

  • In the year to March 2015, net migration of EU citizens was 183,000.
  • Most of these were seeking work, while others were students or wished to join a family.

Where to people come from:

  • Many immigrants continue to come from india and Pakistan, many seeking to join family who are already in the UK
  • Migrants have arrived from across the world, including Africa, Asia, the USA and the Carribean. 
  • In the year to March 2015, the highest numbers of migrants from outside the EU were from China.
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What are the social and economic impacts of immigration on the UK:

  • Since the last census in 2011, immigration has become a very controversial issue.
  • It was one of the main issues in the 2015 general election with people expressing very different views on the advantage and disadvantage os mass immigration.
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