- Created by: lyle05
- Created on: 24-04-18 21:19
THE UK'S CHANGING POPULATION
- The population of a country is measured by a census.
- In most countries the census is carried out every 10 years.
The UK's Population Structure:
- The breakdown of a population by age is called Population structure.
- Bars are down to represent every 5 year band.
- Population pyramids are used to see trends in the population, such as, declining birth rates, increases of elderly people.
- The trends provide useful information for the goverment in helping to plan for future education, housing, employment and healthcare.
THE DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MODEL
Changes in the UK's Population structure since 1900:
- The population of the UK was about 42 million and 30 per cent of people lived in the countryside, mostly engaged in farming.
- People were moving to the UK for farming and working in factories, towns and cities.
- More people are now living into old age.
- After a period of falling births, there is a sudden increase, the continues into the early 1960's and has become known as the Baby Boomer generation.
The demographic Transition model:
- It shows changes in the population of the UK since 1700.
- BIRTH RATE: - the number of live births per 1,000 of the population per year.
- DEATH RATE: - the number of deaths per 1,000 of the population per year.
- The difference between the birth rate and the death rate is called natural increase.
Ageing population in the UK
- In 2011, 9.2 million people were aged over 65.
- This is almost a million more people than 2001.
- In England and Wales, of those over hald decribed themselves as being in good health.
An ageing population (challenges and oppurtunities)
- An ageing population does present many challenges.
- Elderly people have greater medical needs and the costs of looking after them will increase in the future.
- A ageing population brings with it huge ammounts of wisdom and compassion for others.
- Manu older people give up their time to work as volunteers in the community and some continue to work in paid employment.
Who are immigrants:
- People have always migrated to the UK.
- Emigrants are people who move out of a country.
- The country has a diverse cultural heritage.
- In the 20th century many people migrated from the carribean, and from india, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
What are the recent trends in immigration:
- It shows the recent trends in immigration and emigration.
- In the year to March 2015, net migration reached 330,000 and all time high.
- This was more than 3 times the goverment target.
- One reason for the high level net migration is a reduction in people wishing to leave the UK.
Why do people come to the UK:
- In the year to March 2015, net migration of EU citizens was 183,000.
- Most of these were seeking work, while others were students or wished to join a family.
Where to people come from:
- Many immigrants continue to come from india and Pakistan, many seeking to join family who are already in the UK
- Migrants have arrived from across the world, including Africa, Asia, the USA and the Carribean.
- In the year to March 2015, the highest numbers of migrants from outside the EU were from China.
What are the social and economic impacts of immigration on the UK:
- Since the last census in 2011, immigration has become a very controversial issue.
- It was one of the main issues in the 2015 general election with people expressing very different views on the advantage and disadvantage os mass immigration.