White settlers forced the Native Amecians off their own land.
AIM- American Indian Movement
AIM formed in 1968
National organisation concerned also with issues such as living ocnditions and rights.
BIA- Bureau of Indian Affairs.
1972 AIM joined with7 other organisations in the trail of the broken Treaties, a march on washington.
the protesters vandalised the hq of BIA. agency which manages the reservation system.
Boldt Decision in favour of Native Americans fihing and hunting rights.
Native Americans got some of their land back.
Indian Religous Freedom Act-
access to sacred sites
- lasted 71 days
- AIM ended the seige
- Oglala Sioux reservation opposed to corruption in the way the reservation was managed.
Indian Reorganisation Act had halted previous attempts to break up tribes and enforce assimilation
* Assimiliation= being forces to fit in.