Key features of Baroque music
- The Baroque period was from 1600 - 1750.
- Music generally has a polyphonic texture
- Often uses harpsichord
- Clearly defined major and minor parts
- Melodies are long and flowing
- Often uses imitation and sequences
- Ornaments are frequently used (e.g. mordents, trills, turns)
- Composers of the period include: Vivaldi, Bach and Handel.
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Baroque dance music
- The four suites of Baroque dance music are the Minuet, the Gavotte, the Gigue and the Sarabande.
- A Minuet is in 3/4 (medium rhythm), and sounds bright.
- A Gavotte is in 4/4 and has a fast/medium pace.
- A Gigue is fast, and is in 2 (6/8).
- Finally, a Sarabande is slow (and often sounds sombre or sad), and is in 3/4.
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Some key definitions for the Baroque period
Baroque music is usuallypolyphonic in texture.
- Polyphonic: Melodies interweave with one another. Often a feature in fugues.
Baroque music can also be homophonic.
- Homophonic: A musical texture which involves a melody accompanied by harmonies (everything is played at once).
Sequences are often used in pieces from this period in musical history.
- Sequence: Melodic phrases repeated at diffrerent pitches.
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