G484 - Newtonian Laws of Motion Definitions

Some revision cards of the key definitions

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  • Created by: Lewis F
  • Created on: 30-12-11 09:33

Newton's First Law

 

 

 

Define Newton's 1st Law

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Newton's First Law

 

An object will remain at rest or continue to travel at a constnat velocity unless acted upon by an external force.

Summary

No Force, No Acceleration

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Newton's Second Law

 

 

Define Newton's 2nd Law

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Newton's Second Law

 

 

The rate of change of momentum of an object is directly proportional to the resultant force acting upon said object, in the direction of the force

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Newton's Third Law

 

 

Define Newton's 3rd Law

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Newton's Third Law

 

When two bodies interact, the forces they exert on each other are opposite and equal.

These forces do not cancel out as they act in two seperate bodies

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Momentum

 

 

Define Momentum

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Momentum

 

Momentum (p) is the product of an obects mass and its velocity

P=mV

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Impulse

 

 

Define Impulse

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Impulse

 

Impulse is the product of a force and the time for which it acts.

Impulse is equal to the rate of change of momentum

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Elastic Collisions

 

 

Define the term 'Elastic Collisions'

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Elastic Collisions

 

Elastic Collisions are when kinetic energy is conserved - momentum and total energy is always conserved.

Kinetic energy before = Kinetic energy after

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Inelastic Collisions

 

 

Define the term 'Inelastic Collisions' 

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Inelastic Collisions

 

Kinetic energy is not conserved - it is transferred into other forms such as heat.

Momentum and total energy are always conserved

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