First Crusade

1099 - Crusaders captured Jerusalem from the Fatimids. Now a Crusader state along with Edessa and Anitoch.

Reasons:

  • Muslim disunity
  • Turkish threat
  • Religious zeal
  • God/miracles
  • Bravery
  • Fear/tactics
  • Crusader leadership
  • Failure of the peasants' crusade (underestimation by the Muslims)
  • Byzantium support
  • Luck
  • Women
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Reasons for the success of the First Crusade

1099 - Crusaders captured Jerusalem from the Fatimids. It was included in the new Crusader states of Antioch and Edessa.

Reasons:

  • Religious zeal
  • Muslim disunity
  • God/miracles
  • Fear/tactics
  • Crusader leadership
  • Luck
  • Women
  • Bravery
  • Turkish threat
  • Failure of the peasants crusade (underestimation by the Muslims)
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