factors and processes affecting land uses in Sunderland

case study for factors and processes affecting urban land use in sunderland

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land use

  • sector- 19th century housing developed south east of CBD following coastline and docks at Hendon
  • zonal- inner city zone of high density , low quality housing on both sides of river- urban areas expanded off from CBD
  • multi nucliei- 2 main industrial areas developed so more than one core developed in late 19th century
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  • expansion of city restricted due to proximity to coastline
  • town bisected by river Wear- 2 sides developed separately until Wearmouth bridge was built in 1796
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  • industrialisation- leading to population growth (124,000 (1801)-146,000(1901)), economic boom and migrants flocking to city to find work in ship building, coal and glass industries
  • deindustrialisation- shipbuilding ended in 1988 leaving deriliction along river
  • regeneration- new jobs and land uses

                      - former industrial land of St. Peters wharf project- £55 million investment in luxury apartments, pubs, bars, clubs and restaurants

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  • suburban growth was low density with consequently rising living standards for middle class
  • inter war period saw large numbers of semi detached and detached housing in districts such as Falwell and Grangetown
  • urban generation- Echo project created 179 waterside apartments
  • new stadium for sunderland FC was built
  • sunderland enterprise park created and occupies 30ha of previously brownfield land
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  • during 1960's, local authorities tackled problems of housing shortages and slums by building large suburban council estates such as Pennywell
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  • regeneration- old industrial sites developed through schemes such as the St. Peters wharf project which invested £55million into developing luxury apartments, bars, pubs, clubs and restaurants

                     -the Echo project create 179 waterside apartments

  • gentrification- new luxury apartments attact wealthier people to area bringing extra money to the area also
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Caitlin x


This is exactly the thing I was looking for - thank you!!!

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