EXPLANATIONS OF ATTACHMENT: BOLWBYS THEORY

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 15-03-16 20:36

MONOTROPIC THEORY

EVOLOUTIONARY EXPLANATION

ATTACHMENT INNATE SYSTEM 

IMPRINTING AND ATTACHMENT EVOLVED ENSURE YOUNG ANIMALS STAY CLOSE CAREGIVERS = PROTECTION DANGER

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MONOTROPY

EMPHASIS ATTACHMENT ONE CAREGIVER

IMPORTANT OTHERS 'MOTHER FIGURE'

LAW CONTINUTIY STATED MORE CONSTANT & PREDICTABLE CARE BETTER QUALITY

ACCUMALATED SEPERATION STATED EFFECTS SEPERATION ADD UP AND SAFEST DOES THEREFORE ZERO DOES

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SOCIAL RELEASES & CRITICAL PERIOD

BABY BORN CUTE BEHAVIOURS E.G SMILING TO GET ATTENTION

SOCIAL RELEASERS - ACTIVATE ATTACHMENT

ATTACHMENT RECIPROCAL - BOTH INNATE PREDISPOSITION 

INTERPLAY BETWEEN INFANT & ADULT BUILDS RELATIONSHIP

CRITICAL PERIOD 2 YEARS SYSTEM ACTIVE - SENSITIVE

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INTERNAL WORKING MODEL

PROPOSED MENTAL REPRASENTATION RELATIONSHIP PRIMARY CAREGIVER

FIRST EXPERIENCE LOVING RELATIONSHIP RELIABLE FORM EXPECTATIONS 

POOR TREATMENT TEND FORM POOR RELATIONSHIPS 

FUNCTIONAL FAMILIES = FUNCTIONAL FAMILIES

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EVALUATION: MIXED EVIDENCE

BABIES GENERALLY FORMED ONE ATTACHMENT PRIMARY

AFTER THIS FORM SECONDARY 

NOT SUPPORTED SCHAFFER & EMERSON

UNCLEAR UNIQUE FIRST ATTACHMENT

PRIMARY ATTACHMENT JUST STRONGER

JURY OUT ON MONOTROPY

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EVALUATION: SUPPORT RELEASERS

CUTE INFANT BEHAVIOUR INTENDED INITIATE SOCIAL INTERACTION - IMPORTANT

BRAZLETON OBSERVED MOTHERS & BABIES - INTERACTIONAL SYNCHRONY

EXPERIMENT: MOTHER TOLD IGNORE SIGNALS

BABY DISTRESSED - LYED MOTIONLESS

INFANT RESPOND STRONY SHOW SIGNIFICNCE SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR

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EVALUATION: SUPPORT INTERNAL WORKING MODELS

IDEA TESTABLE - PREDICTS PATTERNS ATTACHMENT

BAILEY ET AL TESTED 99 MOTHERS STANDARD INTERVIEW

ASSESSED OBSERVATION

MOTHERS POOR ATTACHMENT WITH PARENTS = POOR OBSERVATION

SUPPORT INTERNAL WORKING MODEL PASSING THROUGH GENERATIONS

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