English Terminology

Some brief definitions of key terminology

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The key Constitutes of Language

Grammar- punctuatuion,word classes and sentence structure ect

Mode/Context- is the text writen or spoken, where when why and for who was it wrote for

Phonology- the sound that a word makes when spoken, features include onomatopoia, alliteration, assonance, sibilance and fricatives

Lexis/Semantics- lexis = the study of words

semantics= the study of meaning

Morphology- study of the structures of words, features include sufix,prefix and infix

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Word Classes

Adverb- describe a verb e.g quickly, slowly

Noun- names (proper/ common) e.g London, table

Pronoun- replace a noun e.g she, he, it

Adjectives- describing word e.g good, bad, ugly

Articles- determiners e.g a, the, an

Prepositions- show a position e.g below, in, on

Conjuctions- join two clauses e.g and, so, but, because

Verbs- doing word e.g love, run, jump

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Structural Methods

Antithesis- establishes a clear, contrasting relationship between two ideas by joining them

Diacope- repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase

Epistrophe- Repetition of the last word of a line/ phrase

Epithet- using an appropriate adjetive to qualify a subject

Oxymoron- placing together of two terms that are ordinarily contradictory

Parodox- a seeming contradiction which is intended to reveal an unrecognised element of truth

Parallelism- Repetition of a sentence structure

Tricolon- Series of three memberships e.g education,education,education

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Sentence Types

Declaritive - statement

Interrogative- question

Explanatory- exclamation

Imperative- command

Minor Sentence- one word, no verb

Negative statement- Denying something

Simple Sentence- one singular clause

Compound Sentence- two clauses,liked by a conjunction

Complex Sentence- two or more clauses placed together

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