English Paper 1 Words

glossary

HideShow resource information

Affective Fallacy

the error of making subjective responses the criteria for interpretive, critical or aesthetic judgements

1 of 37

Allegory

a narrative which -through allusion, metaphor, symbolism etc.- can be read not simply on its own terms but also as telling another, quite different story simultaneously

2 of 37

Allusion

a reference, direct or indirect, to another work of art, event etc.

3 of 37

Ambiguity

when a word/phrase may be taken in more than one way

4 of 37

Animism

rhetorical figure whereby something inanimate is given attributes of life or spirit

5 of 37

Anthropocentrism

refers to everything within a culture that asserts or assumes that the human is at the centre, be it of the universe, world or meaning of text

6 of 37

Anthropomorphism

rhetorical figure whereby non-human is described in human terms

7 of 37

Aporia

rhetorical figure for doubt

may arise when two or more contradictory messages may be found within a text

an impasse’ or site of undecideability

8 of 37

Bathos

abrupt descent from elevated to commonplace

anti-climax

often a cause of humour reducing the elevated to the trivial

9 of 37

Cataphresis

malapropism

misuse of language

10 of 37

Catharsis

Aristotle

end of tragedy

release of emotional tension arising from an experience of a paradoxical mixture of pity and terror, often leading to healing

11 of 37

Chiasmus

rhetorical figure involving repetition and reversal

if you fail to plan, you plan to fail

where each of the two sides of a conceptual opposition (man/woman) (text/world) is shown to be reversible and paradoxically functioning and present in its opposite

ABCDCBA

12 of 37

Close Reading

words on the page rather than ideological/historical context, author biography or intent

New Criticism

ignores questions of the readers’ role in reading

13 of 37

Cultural Materialism

concerned to expose ideological and political dimensions of texts

material conditions of production and reception

14 of 37

Defamiliarisation

Shlovsky

denoting a perceived primary function of literary texts to make the familiar unfamiliar, renew the old etc.

15 of 37

Deixis

use of words concerning place and time and time of utterance

this, here

16 of 37

Double Bind

a double or contradictory statement

this sentence is not true

17 of 37

Epistemophilia

desire for knowledge which literary texts produce in readers

dynamic of curiosity basis of all intellectual activity

18 of 37

Equivocality

similar to ambiguity, however the meaning cannot be resolved

19 of 37

Essentialism

reference to ways of perceiving people, culture etc. as having innate, natural or universal characteristics (as separate from environment)

20 of 37

Fabula

the story

events of a narrative

21 of 37

Feminist criticism

exploring oft-marginalised tradition of female writing

challenge conventional notions of masculinity and femininity

22 of 37

Formalism

stresses importance of form: as distinct from content, meaning, social history etc.

style, rhyme, narrative structure, verse-form

23 of 37

Hermeneutic

the theory of bible study

lately, the theory of interpretation

24 of 37

Heteroglossia

the variety of voices or languages within a text

25 of 37

In media res

starting the story in the middle of the action

26 of 37

Ab ovo

starting the story from the beginning

27 of 37

Intentional fallacy

the error of attempting to interpret literary texts by appealing to supposed authorial intention

28 of 37

Intertextuality

theory that texts are ‘tissues of citations’, that every word refers to another text

29 of 37

Logocentrism

a western attribute which puts meaning or words at the centre

30 of 37

Metonymy

basic trope where the name of an attribute of an object is given instead of the object itself

the pen is mightier than the sword

pen=writing
sword=conflict

31 of 37

Paradox

apparently contradictory statement, apparently illogical or absurd but may be understood to be meaningful or true

32 of 37

Paronomasia

word play

puns etc.

33 of 37

Phallocentrism

everything in a culture which asserts or assumes the phallus and associated patriarchy is at the centre

34 of 37

Phallogocentrism

referring to everything in language or meaning which is phallocentric

35 of 37

Polysemia

quality of having several or many meanings

36 of 37

Self-reflexivity

where a piece of writing refers to itself

37 of 37

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Language resources:

See all Language resources »See all resources »