English Literature Poems

Duffy, Armitage, Pre-1914

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  • Created by: Lauren
  • Created on: 08-04-11 16:23

Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy

Structure

  • 4 stanza of 4 lines; wants to be organised, is superficially
  • Enjambment; fragmented mind
  • Caesura; slow down poem
  • Cyclical; begins and ends in 'B'

Language

  • 'Beloved sweetheart *******'; oxymoron, alliteration, plosive
  • 'green pebbles for eyes'; metaphor, jealousy, cold
  • 'spinster'; outcast, never married, sibilance, caesura, fragmented, isolated
  • 'stink and remember'; observation, present tense
  • 'Nooooo'; neologism, new word created to express pain, negative imagery
  • 'white veil'; innocence, purity, concealed
  • 'a red balloon bursting'; her heart, violent, plosive, shattered dreams
  • 'b-b-b-breaks'; heart beating, onomatopoeia, crying breakdown, cyclical
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Havisham - Carol Ann Duffy

Attitude

  • Angry
  • Aggressive
  • Bitter

Purpose

  • Shows her deterioration
  • Mental affect

Themes

  • Anger
  • Revenge
  • Hatred
  • Depression
  • Death
  • Women
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Anne Hathaway - Carol Ann Duffy

Structure

  • Epigraph
  • Like a sonnet; 14 line but no rhyming couplet
  • 1 stanza
  • Enjambment

Language

  • 'we loved...we would'; past tense
  • 'clifftops'; peak of sex, excitement
  • 'dive for pearls'; explicit act of love, metaphor
  • 'shooting stars'; sibilance, smooth, dreamy
  • 'my body now a softer rhyme' metaphor, sex
  • 'by touch, by scent, by taste'; sensory image
  • 'living laughing love-; rule of three, alliteration, caesura
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Anne Hathaway - Carol Ann Duffy

Attitude

  • Soft
  • Loving
  • Reflective

Purpose

  • Remembering her husband

Themes

  • Love
  • Romance
  • Dreams
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Before You Were Mine - Carol Ann Duffy

Structure

  • 4 stanzas of 5 lines
  • Enjambment
  • Caesura

Language

  • 'I'm'; first person narrative, personal tone
  • 'Marilyn'; Marylin Monroe = glamour, fame 
  • 'right walk of home could bring'; thrill of unknown 
  • 'Ma'; mums mum/nan, tradition, family pattern
  • 'my hands in those high heeled red shoes'; memory, poet as a child, sentimental
  • 'relics'; symbolic, old
  • 'whose small bites on your neck, sweetheart?'; love bites, passion, role reversal, rhetorical question
  • 'That glamorous love lasts where you sparkle and waltz and laugh before you were mine'; repetition, Marilyn Monroe
5 of 24

Before You Were Mine - Carol Ann Duffy

Attitude

  • Assertive
  • Affectionate
  • Tender

Purpose

  • What her mother did before she was born
  • Family traditions

Themes

  • Trust
  • Generosity
  • Happiness
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Stealing - Carol Ann Duffy

Structure

  • Dramatic monologue
  • Enjambment
  • Post modernism style

Language

  • 'The most unusual thing I ever stole?'; kleptomaniac, post modernism style, rhetorical question
  • 'Midnight'; romantic, mysterious, scary, evil
  • 'Midnight...magnificent...mute...moon...mate...mind...my'; alliteration
  • 'I started with the head'; clinical, obsessive
  • 'giving...taking...piercing...knowing'; verbs, violent, cruel
  • 'a fierce chill'; contradicting
  • 'Again, again'; repetition, malicious, premeditated
  • 'sick of the world';  displacement, childhood trigger
  • 'eat myself'; cannibalism
  • 'You don't understand a word I'm saying, do you?'; vague, mysterious
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Stealing - Carol Ann Duffy

Attitude

  • Isolation
  • Depressed
  • Colloquial language

Purpose

  • Childhood problems
  • How he feels stealing makes it better

Themes

  • Boredom
  • Anti-social behaviour
  • Possessions
  • Incoherence
8 of 24

Mother Any Distance - Simon Armitage

Structure

  • Dramatic monologue
  • Enjambment
  • Split in 3rd stanza

Language

  • 'Mother'; archaic, formal, respectful, direct address, ultimate force
  • 'windows, pelmets, doors'; metaphor for features of life, imagery
  • 'unreeling'; leaving gradually, less dependent
  • 'Anchor. Kite' opposites, free, protective, oxymoron
  • 'breaking point'; tension between them, split is inevitable
  • 'sky'; freedom, opportunity
  • 'hatch'; life outside, real world
  • 'fall or fly'; on his own
9 of 24

Mother Any Distance - Simon Armitage

Attitude

  • Unemotional 
  • Tension

Purpose

  • Moving out
  • Independence

Themes

  • Relationships
  • Love
  • Independence
  • Domestic role
10 of 24

Homecoming - Simon Armitage

Structure

  • Enjambment; unsure
  • Stanzas vary in length
  • Caesura; final word

Language

  • 'Think'; imperative verb
  • 'trust'; abstract noun-cant be touched
  • 'free-fall backwards, blind, and those behind take all the weight.'; lack of control, alliteration, internal rhyme, physical and psychological pressure
  • 'canary yellow cotton jacket'; fashion icon once, now outdated, extended metaphor for support
  • 'model of a model of a mother'; mocking, trying to be perfect
  • 'You seeing red. Blue murder.'; juxtaposed colours, primary colours, cold
  • 'Bed'; caesura, imperative verb, mother has final word
  • 'Step backwards'; trust exercise, lack of trust
  • 'It still fits'; nothings changed, support is always there
11 of 24

Homecoming - Simon Armitage

Attitude

  • Supportive
  • Calming
  • Observational

Purpose

  • Story told by girls boyfriend
  • Trusting others
  • Support

Themes

  • Relationships
  • Trust
  • Family
  • Arguments
12 of 24

Kid - Simon Armitage

Structure

  • 1 stanza
  • Dramatic monologue
  • 10 syllables per line
  • Enjambment
  • All lines end in 'er'; theme tune, fast paced

Language

  • 'Batman, big shot'; plosive, aggressive, punchy, alliteration
  • 'wild blue yonder'; perfect, cliché
  • 'ditched me'; bitter, resentment, abandoned
  • 'let the cat out'; secret affair, not a role model, retrospective, taboo
  • 'Holy robin-redbreast-nest-egg-shocker!'; headline, catchphrase
  • 'off the shoulder'; getting rid of identity, clothes
  • 'without a shadow'; breaking away, only ghosts have no shadow
  • 'winter you baby'; moving on, death, belittles Batman
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Kid - Simon Armitage

Attitude

  • Bitter
  • Resentment
  • Sarcasm

Purpose

  • Seeing Batman in a different light
  • Independent life

Themes

  • Moving on
  • Role models
  • Growing up
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Hitcher - Simon Armitage

Structure

  • Enjambment; all events are running into each other
  • 5 stanzas of 5 line; thrives on structure so when taken away because he is ill he becomes crazy
  • Dramatic monologue

Language

  • 'I'; first person narrative, convey feelings and emotions
  • 'One more sick note mister and your finished. Fired'; fed up with job, pressure, responsibility, speech
  • 'Vauxhall Astra'; cheap, popular, reliable, boring, similar
  • 'west to east'; natural, casual, romantic, relaxed
  • 'blowin' in the wind'; Bob Dylan, unoriginal, hippy movement, 70's
  • 'I let him have it'; objectified, vague
  • 'six times'; calculated, ruthless
  • 'same age'; jealous of him/ his happiness
  • 'moderate to fair'; feeling better, nature
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Hitcher - Simon Armitage

Attitude

  • Jealousy
  • Ruthless
  • Upset

Purpose

  • He admits to murder
  • Upset by how someone can be so carefree

Themes

  • Death
  • Sympathy
  • Illness
  • Jealousy
16 of 24

On my First Sonne - Ben Jonson Pre-1914

Structure

  • Elegy; a poem mourning someone who is dead
  • Epitaph; poem written on gravestone
  • 1 stanza
  • Rhyming couplets

Language

  • 'Farewell'; closure, acceptance
  • 'right hand'; Ben in Hebrew, name of his first son, close to him, precious
  • 'lent to me'; belongs to God, return
  • 'just day'; extended metaphor, all belong to God
  • ''age'; escaped the pain of growing old, mercy, accepting
  • 'Rest in soft peace'; imperative verb, death sound comforting
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On my First Sonne - Ben Jonson Pre-1914

Attitude

  • Upset
  • Mourning

Purpose

  • Fathers pain for sons death

Themes

  • Death
  • Sympathy
  • Mourning
  • God
18 of 24

My Last Duchess - Robert Browning Pre-1914

Structure

  • Monologue
  • 1 stanza
  • Rhyming couplets

Language

  • 'That's'; objectified women
  • 'alive'; dull, idle when she was alive
  • 'look at her?'; rhetorical question, self obsessed, arrogant
  • 'I'; possessive, protective, preserved
  • 'everywhere'; lust, insecure, possessive
  • 'white'; purity, fairy tale, clean
  • 'thanked'; slept with men, betrayal
  • 'nine-hundred-year-old name'; powerful, she has no respect, showing off
  • 'I gave commands'; change in tone, control of life
  • 'Then all smiles stopped together'; possessive, guilty, depressed
  • 'Notice Neptune'; alliteration, power and dominance
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My Last Duchess - Robert Browning Pre-1914

Attitude

  • Possessive
  • Control
  • Sinister

Purpose

  • Shows visitors the painting of Duchess
  • Talks about her infidelity

Themes

  • Trust
  • Relationships
  • Family
  • Death
  • Love
  • Sympathy
20 of 24

Sonnet 130 - William Shakespeare Pre-1914

Structure

  • Sonnet; 14 lines
  • ababcdcdefgg rhyme scheme

Language

  • 'mistress'; low status
  • 'sun'; warmth, hope, light, source of life, centre of being, simile
  • 'black wires grow on her head'; coarse,bland, boring, lifeless
  • 'no such roses...in her cheeks'; pasty, unhealthy
  • 'reeks'; disgusting
  • 'treads on the ground'; heavy, not elegant
  • 'heaven'; spontaneous shock, angels, love is elevated
  • 'rare'; unique, hard to find, special
  • 'false compare'; exaggerated, honesty, true love
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Sonnet 130 - William Shakespeare Pre-1914

Attitude

  • Humorous
  • Love
  • Mocking

Purpose

  • She is not as beautiful as nature but is only a human being

Themes

  • Criticism
  • Passionate
  • Mysterious
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The Laboratory - Robert Browning Pre-1914

Structure

  • 12 stanzas with 4 lines; lots of punctuation, scatty
  • Monologue
  • aabb
  • Anapaestic pentameter; jaunty 

Language

  • 'smokes'; mysterious, dangerous
  • 'poison to poison her, prithee'; alliteration, plosive, repetition, hates mistress
  • 'tears'; antisocial, sympathy
  • 'Grind away'; imperative verb, regain control, relaxed
  • 'taste sweetly'; trick, sensory description, imagery, exotic
  • 'just thirty minutes to live'; precise, feel the pain, ordinary
  • 'Let death be felt and the proof remain'; vowels to slow down poem/torture, wants him to know why she did it
  • 'Kiss me'; no boundaries, respected, desperate
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The Laboratory - Robert Browning Pre-1914

Attitude

  • Evil
  • Sly
  • Jealous

Purpose

  • Speaker is killing their rival when the lover is present

Themes

  • Jealousy
  • Love
  • Revenge
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Comments

Timetoshine2106

this looks good is there any more on other poems?

Lauren

I'm still adding them at the moment, there is some on cluster 2 culture poems but it's too late now

Jim Hanson

Very helpful but, what about the laboraty?

Lauren

just coming

Lauren

All done now

Harriet

Very helpful for revision, thanks :)

aliimz

thnx 4 da info

Jay

Helpful.. thank you but an index of poems covered would also help a lot and save time .. cheers

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