England and a new century 1900 to 1924

Cards showing the key developments from 1900 to 1924

  • Created by: Vicky
  • Created on: 02-04-12 15:03

1900- PM Lord Salisbury
General Election - Conservatives: 402, Liberals: 182, Labour: 2
Key Events- setting up of the LRC. General Election results in overwhelming majority for Conservative government; so called kharki election

1901- PM Lord Salisbury
Key Events- Queen Victoria dies, Edward VII becomes King, Taff Vale Judgement

1902- PM Lord Salisbury and Arthur Balfour
Key Events- victory at Boer War, Education Act

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1903- Arthur Balfour
Key Events- chamberlain announces policy of Tariff Reform, Women's social and political union formed, electoral pact between LRC and Liberals

1904 - Arthur Balfour
Key Events- Licensing Act

1905- Balfour resigns, succeeded by Campbell- Bannerman

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1906- Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman
General Election - Liberals: 400, Conservatives: 157, Labour: 30
Key Events- LRC renamed Labour Party, Education (provisions of meals) Act, Trade Disputes Act, Plural Voting Bill to end entitlement to vote in more than one constituency is defeated in the lords.

1907- Campbell- Bannerman
Key Events- medical inspections for children, Education Act, Children's Act

1908- Campbell- Bannerman, Asquith
Key Events- Old Age Pensions Act

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1909- Asquith
Key Events- introduction of old age pensions, People's Budget introduced, increasing taxes on the wealthy, lords reject the Budget, Osbourne Judgment, Trade Boards Act
1910- Asquith
General Elections- Jan: Liberals: 275, Conservatives: 273, Labour:40
Dec: Liberals: 272, Conservatives: 273, Labour: 42
Key Events- Parliament introduced but rejected by th Lords, INP holds balance of power in the Commons, George V becomes King
1911- Asquith
Key Events- National Insurance Act, Parliament Act passed limiting powers of Lords, payments of MPs introduced
1912- Asquith
Key Events- height of industrial unrest until 1913, 3rd Home Rule Bill introduced, start of Ulster Crisis, Ireland on brink of civil war, formation of ulster volunteers.

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1913- Asquith
Key Events- formation of irish volunteers, Plural Voting Act passed, Triple Alliance of trade unions passed, Cat and Mouse Act, Davieson killed at Epsom Derby

1914- Asquith
Key Events- Curragh mutiny, 3rd Home Rule Bill passed but suspended for duration of war, first defence if the realm act, Britain declares war in Germany

1915- Asquith
Key Events- coalition government of Liberals, Conservatives and Labour, Henderson joins Coaliton Cabinet, Shell Scandal- Lloyd George made Minister of Munitions

1916- Asquith, Lloyd George
Key Events- conscription introduced, Easter Rising- Irish independence proclaimed but rebels defeated and leaders executed, Lloyd George forms a new coalition government, Liberal Party splits, Henderson joins Lloyd George's war cabinet with a number of Labour MPs becoming junior ministers

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1917- David Lloyd George coalition
Key Events- Henderson resigns and is replaced by former labour leader George Barnes

1918- David Lloyd George coalition
General Election - coalition: 478, Labour: 63, Liberal: 28
Key Events- rationing introduced, Maurice Debate confirms Liberal split, New Labour Party Constituton is approved, Act to enfranchise all men over 21 and most women over 30, Fisher's Education Act, victory over Germany, Sinn Fein Nationalist Party wins majority of Irish seats and declares Ireland independent from GB

1919- Lloyd George coaltion
Key Events- Housing and Town Planning Act(Addison Act), Ministry of Health set up

1920- Lloyd George coaltion
Key Events- Unemolyment insurance extended to all manual workers except railways, agriculture and domestic service

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1921- Lloyd George coaltion
Key Events- Ireland partitioned but north remains as part of the UK, south becomes a self governing Dominion, economic slump-unemployment rises by 2 million, Miners strike- failure of triple alliance on black Friday

1922- Lloyd George and Bonar Law
General Election- Conservative: 345, Labour:142, Liberals:116
Key Events- Geddes Axe- big cuts in government spending, Conservatives leave Lloyd George coaltion, promptly resigns as PM, Liberals divided during following election

1923- Bonar Law, Baldwin
General Election- Conservative: 258, Labour: 191, Liberals:159
Key Events- Bonar Law retires, replaced by Baldwin, reunification of Liberal Party

1924- Baldwin, MacDonald
General Election- Consevatives: 419, Labour:151, Liberals:40
Key Events- first Labur government, Wheatley's Housing Act, Zinoviev letter,Baldwin returned to wo power, liberals finish last

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Sara Chothia


thanks for this. a good summary for the exam tomorrow.

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