Effects of the Reichstag Fire.
Hitler used the fire to his advantage in two ways:
- It gave him an opportunity to imprison many communist leaders, which stopped them campaigning during the election.
- It allowed the Nazis to say that the country was in danger from the communists during its election campaign.
Both these actions helped the Nazis to win more seats in the election.
When the courts convicted Dutch Communist van der Lubbe, but did not convict other Communist leaders, Hitler was furious and replaced the courts with the Nazi People's Courts.
Effects of the General Election.
Although it did not give the Nazis the majority that Hitler had hoped for in the Reichstag, it gave them enough seats - after Hitler had arrested all the communist deputies and the other parties had been intimidated by the SA - to get the Enabling Act passed, which is all Hitler needed to do.
Effects of the Enabling Act.
Arguably the critical event - it gave Hitler absolute power to make his laws.
Effects of the Re-Organising of Local Government.
This put the Nazis in control of local government, and allowed the Gestapo to rule by terror.
Effects of abolishing the Trade Union.
Abolishing the trade unions allowed Hitler to destroy a group that might have opposed him. It also gave Hitler the opportunity to set up the German Labour Front, which gave him control over German workers.
Effects of the Concordant.
Hitler's agreement with the Pope was a temporary truce that allowed Hitler to ban the Catholic Zentrum party without opposition from the Catholic Church.
Effects of Banning Political Parties.
Banning political parties made Germany a one-party state and destroyed democracy in the country.
After this action, Germans could no longer get rid of Hitler in an election.
Effect of the Peoples Court.
These were set up to give Hitler greater control over the judgements made in courts. Hitler was furious because the courts did not sentence the communists to death for starting the Reichstag fire.
Effects of the Night of the Long Knives.
This destroyed all opposition within the Nazi Party. It gave power to the brutal SS. It also showed the rest of the world what a tyrant Hitler was.
Effect of Hitler gaining Führer.
This formally made Hitler the absolute rulerof Germany.