Developments in the FRG 1969-88

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Ostpolitik

  • Ostpolitik aimed to develop relations between the FRG and the GDR with a policy of 'papprochement' rather than a policy of strength.
  • It was very controversial and there was significant opposition from much of the CDU, from some of Brandt's own SPD and from many of the public.
  • Ostpolitik was only possible because of a thaw in superpower relations between the USA and the USSR following the Cuban Missile Crisis.
  • Ostpolitik led to a series of agreements which addressed some of the key foreign policy issues and improved relations between the FRG and the GDR
  • It gave the GDR a considerable economic advantage, from 1972 to 1989 the GDR received loans of nearly DM15 billion.
  • The GDR developed its own seperate identity and became known as 'The Workers' and Peasants' State'.
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