- Ostpolitik aimed to develop relations between the FRG and the GDR with a policy of 'papprochement' rather than a policy of strength.
- It was very controversial and there was significant opposition from much of the CDU, from some of Brandt's own SPD and from many of the public.
- Ostpolitik was only possible because of a thaw in superpower relations between the USA and the USSR following the Cuban Missile Crisis.
- Ostpolitik led to a series of agreements which addressed some of the key foreign policy issues and improved relations between the FRG and the GDR
- It gave the GDR a considerable economic advantage, from 1972 to 1989 the GDR received loans of nearly DM15 billion.
- The GDR developed its own seperate identity and became known as 'The Workers' and Peasants' State'.
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