3: Developments in the FRG 1969-1989

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  • Developments in the FRG 1969-1989
    • Willy Brandt 1969-1974
      • Created policy of Ostpolitik
        • Tried to establish better relations with East
        • Critics thought it would lead to permanent division
      • Made several reforms
        • Raised pensions + sickness benefit
        • Increased spending on education
      • Lowered voting age to 18
        • Previously 21
      • Increased benefite for those fleeing from East to West
      • Dealt with serious economic challenges
        • Economic 'miracle' coming to an end
        • Number unemployed rising
      • Had to deal with extremism + terrorism
        • Took a firm line against this
      • 1974 - resigned when revealed a close adviser was passing state secrets to East
    • Red Army Faction
      • Most well-known + violent left wing group
      • 1968-1986
        • Committed number of terrorist attacks against West government
      • Their leaders died in prison in suspicious circumstances in 1977
        • Faction still existed til 1998
      • Most well-known case = murder of ex-SS officer Hans Schieyer
      • Later emerged the East German Stasi had provided support for them
    • Helmut Schmidt 1974-1982
      • Was Willy Brandt's Minister of Economics + Finance 1972-1974
        • Also a social democrat
        • Carried on Ostpolotik
      • Promoted development of nuclear energy
        • Many in his party didn't like this
      • Dealt with terrorism harshly
      • Last person to be chancellor solely of West
    • Helmut Kohl 1982-1989
      • Belonged to CDU
      • Criticised '2/3 society'
        • Around 1/3 population unemployed whilst 2/3 had good standard of living
      • Cut government spending in many areas
        • Kept welfare spending high
      • Continued policy of Ostpolitik
      • Improved relations with France
        • Worked to strengthen EU
      • Faced challenge of new rght-wing extremist political parties
        • Also green party
      • There was corruption in his government
        • Fall of wall boosted his popularity

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