There have always been problems with defininf religion, as nobody can agree on it.
- Max Weber - impossible to define relgion until the study is concluded if at all.
Definitions of religion -
- Durkhiem - 'unified system of beliefs and practices related to sacre things.' a moral unity called a church.
- Karl Marx - 'Religion is the opium of the people' (brings happiness in a bad world) 'oppressed creature.'
Glock and Stark - Core dimensions.
types of definition
Inclusive definitions -
meaning system / belief systems, very broad, football can be included
Exclusive definitions -
Belief in supernatural forces which affect human beings.
Buger and luckmann.
inclusive definition. Humans attempt to formulate all embraisng systems of meaning so Marxism could be a religion.
A set of beliefs, refers to and looks for validation in a dimension beyond the empirical - technical relm.
Functional definitions. focus on what religion does.
Substantive definitions. try to understand what religio is.